Indian Journal of Dental Research

SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 117--124

Effectiveness of school-based dental screening in increasing dental care utilization: A systematic review and meta-analysis


Vinita Sanjeevan, Chandrashekar Janakiram, Joe Joseph 
 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Amrita School of Dentistry, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chandrashekar Janakiram
Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Amrita School of Dentistry, AIMS, Kochi - 682041, Kerala
India

Background: School based dental screening has been a popular public health intervention. However, literature provides contrasting evidence regarding effectiveness of such programs on the utilization of dental services. Objectives: We designed this review to understand the differences in dental attendance rates of children below 15 years of age, receiving a school based dental screening versus those not receiving it. Material and Methods: The standard methodological procedures prescribed by The Cochrane Collaboration for Systematic review and meta-analysis was employed. An electronic (MEDLINE via PUBMED, Cochrane trial registry, and Google scholar) and a manual search (2016) were made to identify studies. Results: Five studies met the inclusion criteria, covering a population of 28208 school children of which 21447 were included in the meta-analysis. The review concludes that school based dental screening marginally increases the dental attendance by 16 percent as opposed to a non-screening group (RR 1.16 (95% CI 1.11, 1.21). The quality of evidence was found to be low. Conclusions: There is evidence of marginally increased dental attendance rate of 16 % following screening. As the quality of evidence was found to be low, the results of this review may be used with caution.


How to cite this article:
Sanjeevan V, Janakiram C, Joseph J. Effectiveness of school-based dental screening in increasing dental care utilization: A systematic review and meta-analysis.Indian J Dent Res 2019;30:117-124


How to cite this URL:
Sanjeevan V, Janakiram C, Joseph J. Effectiveness of school-based dental screening in increasing dental care utilization: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2019 [cited 2021 Jan 17 ];30:117-124
Available from: https://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2019;volume=30;issue=1;spage=117;epage=124;aulast=Sanjeevan;type=0