Year : 2013 | Volume
: 24 | Issue : 2 | Page : 245--248
Prevalence of oral lesions in Brazilian patients with tuberculosis
Rodolfo Albuquerque Santiago1, Luiz Alcino Gueiros1, Stephen Ross Porter2, Valder Barbosa Gomes1, Iracema Ferrer1, Jair Carneiro Lećo1
1 Department of Clinic and Preventive Dentistry, Oral Medicine Unit, Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil
2 Oral Medicine Unit, Eastman Dental Institute for Oral Health Care Sciences, University of London, London, United Kingdom
Background : Oral lesions of tuberculosis (TB) are rare and usually associated with the secondary form of the disease.
Aim : The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of oral lesions in a cohort of TB-infected individuals.
Materials and Methods : The study was carried out in two reference centers for the treatment of TB in Recife, Brazil. All patients treated for TB in the period from July 2008 to March 2009 were included in the study. The data was subjected to descriptive statistical analysis.
Results : One hundred and twenty-one patients were included in the study. A marked male prevalence was observed, with a male:female ratio of 6.12:1. HIV coinfection was a common event (33%). Head and neck lesions of TB were rare. Cervical node enlargement was observed in seven individuals (5.8%) and oral ulceration in one patient (0.8%).
Discussion : The low prevalence of oral lesions of TB is in accordance with other studies. Nodal involvement is the most common form of head and neck disease.
Conclusion : While TB may be a common accompanying feature of HIV disease, orofacial complications of TB are rare in individuals resident in northern Brazil.
Jair Carneiro Lećo
Department of Clinic and Preventive Dentistry, Oral Medicine Unit, Federal University of Pernambuco
|How to cite this article:|
Santiago RA, Gueiros LA, Porter SR, Gomes VB, Ferrer I, Lećo JC. Prevalence of oral lesions in Brazilian patients with tuberculosis.Indian J Dent Res 2013;24:245-248
|How to cite this URL:|
Santiago RA, Gueiros LA, Porter SR, Gomes VB, Ferrer I, Lećo JC. Prevalence of oral lesions in Brazilian patients with tuberculosis. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2013 [cited 2021 Apr 19 ];24:245-248
Available from: https://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2013;volume=24;issue=2;spage=245;epage=248;aulast=Santiago;type=0