Indian Journal of Dental Research

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 696-

Antibacterial efficacy of triphala against oral streptococci: An in vivo study


Jyotsna Srinagesh1, Pushpanjali Krishnappa2, Shivaraj N Somanna3 
1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, DAPMRV Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, MS Ramaiah Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, MS Ramaiah Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Jyotsna Srinagesh
Department of Public Health Dentistry, DAPMRV Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka
India

Background: Triphala is a botanical preparation consisting of equal parts of three herbal fruits. Much revered in Ayurveda, triphala has been proven to have antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal actions. Aims and Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of 6% triphala in a mouthwash formulation on the salivary streptococci levels at the end of 48 h and 7 days, of twice a day usage, and to compare the same with 0.2% chlorhexidine. Materials and Methods: Sixty undergraduate student volunteers aged between 18 and 25 years were randomly allocated into three study groups. (a) 6% triphala mouthwash, 15 ml twice a day; (b) 0.2% chlorhexidine mouthwash, 15 ml twice a day (active control group); (c) passive control group asked to rinse with plain water, twice a day. The oral streptococci colony forming units/ml (CFUs/ml) was assessed by inoculating blood agar with saliva samples at the end of 48 h and at 7 days. Results: The triphala group showed a 17% and 44% reduction, while the chlorhexidine group showed 16% and 45% reduction at the end of 48 h and 7 days (P < 0.001). The reduction in CFUs/ml seen in triphala group closely paralleled that of chlorhexidine group. Conclusion: Triphala has been used in Ayurveda from time immemorial and has many potential systemic benefits. The promising results shown by Triphala call for further investigations of its antimicrobial effects against the numerous oral microorganisms.


How to cite this article:
Srinagesh J, Krishnappa P, Somanna SN. Antibacterial efficacy of triphala against oral streptococci: An in vivo study.Indian J Dent Res 2012;23:696-696


How to cite this URL:
Srinagesh J, Krishnappa P, Somanna SN. Antibacterial efficacy of triphala against oral streptococci: An in vivo study. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2012 [cited 2021 Sep 25 ];23:696-696
Available from: https://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2012;volume=23;issue=5;spage=696;epage=696;aulast=Srinagesh;type=0