Indian Journal of Dental Research

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year
: 2010  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 480--485

Using zero inflated models to analyze dental caries with many zeroes


Shivalingappa B Javali1, Parameshwar V Pandit2 
1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, SDM College of Dental Sciences & Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Statistics, Bangalore University, Jnanabharathi, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Shivalingappa B Javali
Department of Public Health Dentistry, SDM College of Dental Sciences & Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka
India

Aim: The study aimed to analyze and determine the factors associated with dental caries experience contains many zeros by zero inflated models. Design: A cross sectional design was employed using clinical examination and questionnaire with interview method. Materials and Methods: A study was conducted during March-August 2007 in Dharwad, Karnataka, India, involved a systematic random samples of 1760 individuals aged 18-40 years. The dental caries examination was carried out by using DMFT index (i.e. Decayed (D), Missing (M), Filled (F)). The DMFT index data contains many zeros were analyzed with Zero Inflated Poisson (ZIP) and Zero Inflated Negative Binomial (ZINB) models. Results: The study findings indicated, the variables such as family size, frequency of brushing and duration of change of toothbrush were positively associated with dental caries. But the variable the frequency of sweet consumption is negatively associated with dental caries experience in Zero Inflated Poisson (ZIP) and Zero Inflated Negative Binomial (ZINB) models. Conclusions: The ZIP model is a very good fit over the standard Poisson model and the ZINB is the better statistical fit compared to the Negative Binomial model. The Zero Inflated Negative Binomial model is better fit over the Zero Inflated Poisson model for modeling the DMF count data.


How to cite this article:
Javali SB, Pandit PV. Using zero inflated models to analyze dental caries with many zeroes.Indian J Dent Res 2010;21:480-485


How to cite this URL:
Javali SB, Pandit PV. Using zero inflated models to analyze dental caries with many zeroes. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2010 [cited 2021 Jul 27 ];21:480-485
Available from: https://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2010;volume=21;issue=4;spage=480;epage=485;aulast=Javali;type=0