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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 56-60
Effectiveness of tobacco cessation counselling and behavioural changes Using Multi Theory Model (MTM): A follow-up study


1 Senior Medical Reviewer, IQVIA, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGTU, Gurugram, Haryana, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sudha Rustagi Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vijay Kumar
IQVIA, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_904_19

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Background: Effective tobacco cessation programs using advice and counselling, have helped a substantial proportion of people quit smoking. Effectiveness of this tobacco cessation counselling needs to be evaluated. Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of tobacco cessation counselling and behavioural changes using Multi Theory Model (MTM). Setting and Design: A non-randomised uncontrolled trial was conducted on 100 tobacco users visiting dental college in Bangalore. Methods and Materials: A 28 item questionnaire multi-theory model (MTM) for health behaviour was administered at baseline, 2 weeks, 6 weeks and 12 weeks after providing standardized tobacco cessation counselling (TCC) intervention at baseline. Statistical Analysis: Data were analysed and comparison were made using repeated measure ANOVA and Bonferroni adjustment (p < 0.05). Results: A total of 64 participants completed the 12 week follow-up. The mean age was 44.3 ± 10.1 years and 75.8% were males. There was significantly increase in mean MTM behaviour change score from baseline (32.78 ± 4.8) to 2 weeks (52.37 ± 5.27), 6 weeks (49.81 ± 4.34) and 12 weeks (48.7 ± 3.50) (p < 0.001). Conclusion: There was increase in MTM model scores in subsequent follow up suggesting behavioural changes and overall effectiveness of the Tobacco cessation counselling (TCC) among tobacco users.


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