Indian Journal of Dental ResearchIndian Journal of Dental ResearchIndian Journal of Dental Research
HOME | ABOUT US | EDITORIAL BOARD | AHEAD OF PRINT | CURRENT ISSUE | ARCHIVES | INSTRUCTIONS | SUBSCRIBE | ADVERTISE | CONTACT
Indian Journal of Dental Research   Login   |  Users online: 9333

Home Bookmark this page Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font size Increase font size         

 


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 846-851
Residual antibacterial effect of calcium hydroxide combined with chlorhexidine gel as an intracanal medicament


1 Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
2 Department of Dentistry, Ministry of Health and Environment, Nineveh Health Directorate, Al Salam Hospital, Mosul, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Nawal A Al-Sabawi
Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Mosul, Mosul
Iraq
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_359_19

Rights and Permissions

Introduction: Bacterial elimination from the root canal system is considered as an essential factor for a successful endodontic treatment. Aims: To investigate both in vitro and in vivo efficacy of calcium hydroxide paste (CH) combined with 2% chlorhexidine gel (CHX) at various time intervals on Enterococcus faecalis (E.f) when used as an intracanal medicament (ICM). Materials and Methods: For the in vitro study, 45 single-rooted teeth were used. After instrumentation, roots were infected with E.f and then divided into three groups (gps) (15 n/gp) according to the time interval for the medicament to be left inside the canal (1 week, 2 weeks and 3 weeks). ICM used was 2% CHX combined with CH (CH + CHX). At the end of each time interval, the antibacterial effect was evaluated using the agar diffusion test. For the in vivo study, 45 single-rooted teeth were selected. After sterilisation and access opening, the first pre-treatment sample was taken, then after instrumentation second post-instrumentation sample was obtained. Later, teeth were divided into 3 gps (15 n/gp) (1 week, 2 weeks and 3 weeks) according to the time interval for the medicament to be left inside the canal. ICM used was 2% CH + CHX. After each period, the third post-medication sample was taken. ANOVA and Tukey post hoc tests were used for statistical analysis. Results: Both in vitro and in vivo studies have found that 2% of CH + CHX had a significant antibacterial effect for 1 week and 2 weeks. However, the antibacterial effect was significantly decreased after 3 weeks. Conclusions: CH + CHX can be used successfully for the reduction of E.f for 14 days when used as ICM.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article

 
 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
  Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
  Reader Comments
  Email Alert *
  Add to My List *
 
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed458    
    Printed10    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded21    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal