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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 830-834
Efficacy of T. Cordifolia (Guduchi) against plaque and gingivitis-A clinico-microbiological study


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Rasayana and Bhaishyajya Kalpana, Dr. D.Y. Patil Ayurveda College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Dravyaguna, Dr. D.Y. Patil Ayurveda College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pradnya Kakodkar
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Pune - 411 018, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_521_18

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Objectives: The present study was conducted to assess the clinical efficacy (against plaque and gingivitis) and antimicrobial efficacy (against gram negative, gram positive and S. mutans counts) of T. cordifolia (Guduchi). Methodology: A nonrandomized before and after trial for 21 days of intervention was performed involving 17 participants. Plaque index, gingival index were recorded and saliva samples were collected at baseline, 13th day and 22nd day. Repeated measures ANOVA test was performed to compare the before and after results of the clinical parameters, i.e. score of plaque index and gingival index. Freidman's test was applied for comparison between the three intervals (for microbiological evaluation of colony counts). Results: There was statistically significant reduction inplaque score, gingival score, and colony forming units of gram negative organisms and S. mutans from baseline to 22nd day (P = 0.001). There was no significant reduction with gram positive organisms. Conclusion: This clinico-microbiological study concluded that twice rinsing of T.cordifolia decoction as mouth rinse in adjunct to scaling and routine brushing of teeth for 21 days shows anti-plaque, anti-gingivitis, and antimicrobial action against gram negative organisms and S. mutans.


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