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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 286-290
Cephalometric aspects of thalassemic children in the Indian subcontinent: A cross-sectional study


1 Department of Pedodontics, Malla Reddy Institute for Dental Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, AIMST University, Aman, Malaysia
3 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Pedodontics, Saraswati Dhanwantari Dental College, Parbhani, Maharashtra, India
5 Department of Pedodontics, Vananchal Dental College and Hospital, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Praveen Haricharan Bhoopathi
Faculty of Dentistry, AIMST University, Jalan Bedong-Semeling, 08100 Bedong, Kedah Darul Aman
Malaysia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_32_17

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Objectives: To compare the cephalometric characteristics of thalassemic children in the Indian subcontinent with the controls, matched for sex and dental age. Methodology: A total of 31 thalassemic children were a part of the study. Cephalometric readings were recorded for the study and the control group. Results: Within the Group I stage, the anterior cranial base length was 68.40±2.93 mm, shorter when compared to the control group. In the Group II stage, the maxillary/mandibular angle was 31.58° for the case group and the mandibular length was shorter in comparison to the controls. In the Group III stage, the SNB angle was 76.42°, lesser than the control group. A relative maxillary prognathism of 9.88 mm and 12.85 mm was observed in thalassemic males and females respectively through the Wiley's analysis. Conclusion: The overall picture depicted a retruded position of the maxilla and a retrognathic mandible within the study group. A class II profile has also been observed among the study subjects.


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