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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 770-773
The use of stereophotogrammetry in oral surgery: Measurement of area changes after secondary epithelization and grafting vestibuloplasties


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dentistry, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dentistry, Mustafa Kemal University, Antakya, Turkey
4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dentistry, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey
5 Department of Geodesy and Photogrammetry Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Kubilay Isik
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dentistry, Baskent University, Ankara
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.111257

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Objective: Stereophotogrammetry (SPT) is a method in which three-dimensional coordinates are calculated from multiple two-dimensional projections. The purpose of this study was to compare the surface area changes between the secondary healing and grafting vestibuloplasty techniques in the mandible by using a stereophotogrammetric technique (SPT). Patients and Methods: Thirteen patients were included in this study: six patients were managed by using full-thickness skin or palatal mucosa grafts (two full-thickness palatal mucosal grafts and four full-thickness skin grafts); the remaining seven patients, who did not accept a second surgery for graft harvesting, underwent secondary epithelization vestibuloplasties. Postoperative changes of surgical areas were measured by using SPT. Statistical Analyses: The Wilcoxon (intragroup comparisons) and Mann-Whitney U (intergroup comparisons) tests were used for analysis of data. Results: In the grafting vestibuloplasty group, the surface area gain was statistically significant (P < 0.05). In the secondary epithelization vestibuloplasty group, there was no significant difference (P > 0.05), with even decrease of surface area being noted in some cases. Conclusion: SPT is a valid method for measurement of intraoral soft tissue changes.


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