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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 413-419
Transforming growth factor-β-1 polymorphisms are infrequent but exist at selected loci in oral submucous fibrosis

1 College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Post Box: 60169, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia
2 Human Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Rajeev Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology (RGCB), Trivandrum 695 032, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Sukumaran Anil
College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Post Box: 60169, Riyadh 11545
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.70815

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Background : Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) may be considered a collagen metabolic disorder resulting from areca-nut alkaloid exposure and individual variation in collagen metabolism. Due to the complexity of OSF pathogenesis, it is important to elucidate independent and interactive effects of polymorphisms of collagen-related genes on OSF risk. Materials and Methods : This study is focused on seven polymorphisms (SNPs) of transforming growth factor-beta-1 (TGF-beta-1) gene in patients with oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), belonging to south Indian ethnic extraction. The mean age at presentation was 43.9 years, range 23-72 years (n=50, M:F ratio, 2.6:1). DNA samples from 50 subjects of the same ethnic group and comparable demographic features who have had practiced the habit of areca-chewing of almost equal duration, but remained free of disease constituted the controls. All DNA samples were collected progressively and purified from peripheral blood employing standard protocols and tested for SNPs. They included two polymorphisms in the promoter region (C-509T and G-800A), three polymorphisms in exon-1 (Arg25Pro(G915C), Leu10Pro(T869C), Glu47Gly(A979G) and two in 5 ͲUTR regions (C→T(rs13306708) and G→A (rs9282871). The extracted DNA samples along with the primers underwent PCR amplification and the genotypic and allelic frequencies were calculated. All calculations were performed using the SPSS software. The PCR products were purified and subsequently sequenced using Flour S™ multi-imager system (Biorad). The sequenced data were analyzed using the BioEdit sequence analysis software. Results : Out of the seven polymorphisms analyzed, six such as two in the promoter region, three in exon-1 and one in 5¢UTR were found to have a " P" value above 0.05 and hence were not significant. The C→T transition (rs13306708) in the 5¢UTR region recorded a " P" value of 0.03 on comparison and hence was found to be significant. The allelic frequencies for this C→T transition in patients were 68.7% C and 31.2% T (27CC, 15CT, 8TT) and that in controls were 89.5% C and 10.4% T (42CC, 6CT, 2TT). Conclusions : The polymorphism in 5¢UTR C-T in TGF beta 1 gene has a significant association with OSF, being a prime determinant in the pro-angiogenic pathway which has got direct bearing with the pathophysiology of the disease. The proximity of this polymorphism to the transcription site and the associated risk involved is discussed.

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