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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 190-194
Association between symptoms of temporomandibular disorders and gender, morphological occlusion, and psychological factors in a group of university students


1 Department of Physiology, Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju-SE, Brazil
2 Department of Physiology, Tiradentes University, Aracaju-SE, Brazil
3 Department of Physiology, Institute of Technology and Research, Aracaju-SE, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Leonardo R Bonjardim
Department of Physiology, Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju-SE
Brazil
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.52901

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Aim: The purpose of this study was to find out the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in a sample of university students and its relationship to gender, occlusion, and psychological factors. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 196 subjects, aged 18-25 years. The TMD degree was evaluated using an anamnestic questionnaire. Morphologic occlusion was evaluated according to Angle classification (classes I, II, and III). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), a 14-item self-administered rating scale developed specifically to identify anxiety and depression in nonpsychiatric medical outpatients, was used to assess the levels of anxiety (HADSa) and depression (HADSd). Statistical Analysis: The incidence of TMD level, malocclusion, anxiety, and depression in both genders was calculated as percentages. Association between TMD degree and occlusion, HADSa, and HADSd was tested using the Chi-square test. Results: According to our results, 50% of the subjects had TMD, but it was of moderate or severe degree in only 9.18% of them. No statistically significant association could be found between TMD and gender or occlusion. TMD was found to have statistically significant association with HADSa but not with HADSd. Conclusion : A high prevalence of TMD was found in this student population; however, most of the cases could be classified as mild. Of the variables studied, only HADSa had a statistically significant association with TMD.


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