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   2005| October-December  | Volume 16 | Issue 4  
 
 
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CASE REPORT
Treatment of gingival pigmentation : A case series
Deepak Prasad, S Sunil, R Mishra, Sheshadri
October-December 2005, 16(4):171-176
DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.29901  PMID:16761712
A smile expresses a feeling of joy, success, sensuality, affection and courtesy, and reveals self confidence and kindness. The harmony of the smile is determined not only by the shape, the position and the color of the teeth but also by the gingival tissues. Gingival health and appearance are essential components of an attractive smile. Gingival pigmentation results from melanin granules, which are produced by melanoblasts. The degree of pigmentation depends on melanoblastic activity. Although melanin pigmentation of the gingiva is completely benign and does not present a medical problem, complaints of 'black gums' are common particularly in patients having a very high smile line (gummy smile). For depigmentation of gingiva different treatment modalities have been reported like- Bur abrasion, scraping, partial thickness flap, cryotherapy, electrosurgery and laser. In the present case series bur abrasion, scraping, partial thickness flap (epithelial excision) cryotherapy and electrosurgery have been tried for depigmentation, which are simple, effective and yield good results, along with good patient satisfaction. The problems encountered with some of these techniques have also been discussed.
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Prevalence pattern of dental caries in the primary dentition among school children
S Saravanan, I Madivanan, B Subashini, JW Felix
October-December 2005, 16(4):140-6
DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.29907  PMID:16761706
The purpose of the study was to assess the pattern of prevalence of dental caries in the primary dentition among 5 year old children. The area of study was urban Pondicherry and the study population consisted of 1009 school children of both sexes (527 boys and 482 girls). A simple random sampling method was used to select the schools. Dental caries was assessed by the Dentition status and Treatment Need (WHO 1997). Statistical analysis was done using the Proportion test. The prevalence of caries was 44.4% among the study population, being higher in the boys (P < 0.05); In Mandibular arch in both the sexes (boys P < 0.05, girls P < 0.01); in posterior teeth (both sex wise & arch wise). Comparison of caries among anterior teeth (Boys vs Girls) [corrected] and posterior teeth (upper vs. lower) revealed higher caries prevalence in Maxillary anterior teeth (P < 0.001) and Mandibular posterior teeth (P < 0.001). In both the sexes and arches, primary second molars showed higher caries prevalence.
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CASE REPORT
Correction of anterior open bite in a case of achondroplasia
S Karpagam, K Rabin, George Mathew, Santhosh Koshy
October-December 2005, 16(4):159-66
DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.29903  PMID:16761710
Treatment planning for patients with skeletal deformities is often considered challenging. This article reports a female patient with achondroplasia who presented with severe maxillary retrognathism and vertical excess along with anterior open bite. The clinical and cephalometric findings of the patient are detailed here. The treatment plan consisted of modified anterior maxillary osteotomy for simultaneous vertical and sagittal augmentation along with orthodontic intervention. The course of surgical-orthodontic treatment and the results are presented. This treatment is to be followed by correction of vertical maxillary excess after completion of growth. This paper concludes that the dentoalveolar component of a skeletal deformity can be handled independent of the craniofacial management.
  7,569 4 -
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Comparative assesment of gingival thickness using transgingival probing and ultrasonographic method
B Savitha, KL Vandana
October-December 2005, 16(4):135-9
DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.29908  PMID:16761705
A decided attitude of expectation among many patients has given a new perspective to regenerative and plastic periodonta surgery. With authors emphasizing on the importance of gingival thickness, attempts are being made to obtain necessary information atraumatically and rapidly. Hence in the present study an attempt has been made to compare the two methods of assessing gingival thickness i.e transgingival probing and ultrasonographic method and also assess the gingival thickness in relation to central incisor lateral incisor and canine in Indian population. The gingival thickness was assessed in patients with healthy gingiva by both the methods. It was observed that transgingival probing method significantly over estimated the thickness of gingiva than the ultrasonographic method and the thickness of gingiva varies with morphology of the crown. It was concluded that compared to transgingival probing ultrasonographic method assesses gingiva thickness more accurately, rapidly and atraumatically.
  6,880 4 19
CASE REPORT
Endodontic management of taurodontic teeth
R Prakash, Vishnu Chenduran, Suma Ballal, N Velmurugan, D Kandaswamy
October-December 2005, 16(4):177-81
DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.29900  PMID:16761713
Taurodontism is a morpho-anatomical change in the shape of the tooth in which the body of the tooth is enlarged and the roots are reduced in size. Although taurodontism is a dental rarity, this unusual radicular form should merit circumspect considerations in planning and treatment. Endodontic management in taurodont teeth has been described as complex and difficult. The present paper describes the successful completion of endodontic treatment in three taurodontic teeth with appropriate use of instruments and techniques and also emphasizes the need for post endodontic rehabilitation.
  6,462 0 11
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
A light microscopic study of fibrosis involving muscle in oral submucous fibrosis
T Rooban, TR Saraswathi, Fatima HI Al Zainab, Uma Devi, Joshua Eligabeth, K Ranganathan
October-December 2005, 16(4):131-4
DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.29909  PMID:16761704
Presence of two canals with type 11 pattern in mandibular canine is around 15%. Even though the incidence rate is high, multiple angled diagnostic radiographs are not regularly taken. This article highlights the importance of multiple-angled radiographs and indicates that the dentist should have a mind set to look out for extra canals in all root canal cases.
  5,689 0 6
CASE REPORT
Maxillofacial fibrous dysplasia
Sumita Mahajan, Mala Kamboj, Karen Baoz
October-December 2005, 16(4):151-152
DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.29905  PMID:16761708
Fibrous dysplasia is a non- neoplastic hamartomatous developmental fibro osseous lesion of bone. This paper provides a brief overview of fibrous dysplasia in a historic perspective and highlights the controversies in fibrous dysplasia seen in the cranio- maxillofacial lesions. A case report of a young woman is presented who was diagnosed as having maxillofacial fibrous dysplasia, thereby making an attempt to use this term in cases with relatively limited facial bone disease.
  5,189 2 2
Papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum : Case report and review of literature
Karthikeya Patil, VG Mahima, Shalini Kalia
October-December 2005, 16(4):153-8
DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.29904  PMID:16761709
Papillary Cystadenoma Lymphomatosum or Warthin's tumour is a unique neoplasm arising almost exclusively in the parotid salivary gland and is composed of oncocytic epithelium with a prominent lymphoid infiltrate. The tumor is usually asymptomatic and may be associated with varying degrees of pain not necessarily an indication of malignant transformation in the tumour. The tumour is managed easily by surgical excision. This article presents a typical case arising in the right parotid gland of a 73-year-old male with review of literature of this rare tumour.
  5,080 0 -
Salivary duct carcinoma of the palate
I Ponniah, GM Murali, P SureshKumar, MG Kumaran, A Shaheen
October-December 2005, 16(4):167-70
DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.29902  PMID:16761711
Salivary duct carcinoma is a rare high-grade neoplasm that more frequently affects the parotid gland. Though neoplasms of this type are infrequent in minor salivary glands, they are less aggressive and may lead to early diagnosis before distant metastases could occur. Salivary duct carcinoma is also the most frequent epithelial component of carcinosarcoma. The present article reports a case of SDC of the palate in a 26-year-old male and discusses SDC as a malignant epithelial component in carcinosarcoma.
  4,119 0 5
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Pharyngeal airway changes following mandibular setback surgery
Ramesh V Babu, Vinod Narayanan, K Murugesan
October-December 2005, 16(4):147-50
DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.29906  PMID:16761707
Treatment of dentofacial deformities with jaw osteotomies has an effect on airway anatomy and therefore mandibular setback surgery has the potential to diminish airway size. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of mandibular setback surgery on airway size. 8 consecutive patients were examined prospectively. All patients underwent mandibular setback surgery. Cephalometric analysis was performed preoperatively and 3 months post operatively with particular attention to pharyngeal airway changes. Pharyngeal airway size decreased considerably in all, patients thus predisposing to development of obstructive sleep apnea. Therefore, large anteroposterior discrepancies should be corrected by combined maxillary and mandibular osteotomies.
  4,086 24 6
EDITORIAL
Editorial
B Sivapathasundaram
October-December 2005, 16(4):130-130
DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.30412  
  1,870 0 2
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