Indian Journal of Dental Research

EDITORIAL
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 331-

Oral microbes and NCDs


SM Balaji 
 Executive Editor, Indian Journal of Dental Research, Director and Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Balaji Dental and Craniofacial Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
S M Balaji
Executive Editor, Indian Journal of Dental Research, Director and Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Balaji Dental and Craniofacial Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India




How to cite this article:
Balaji S M. Oral microbes and NCDs.Indian J Dent Res 2019;30:331-331


How to cite this URL:
Balaji S M. Oral microbes and NCDs. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Dec 6 ];30:331-331
Available from: http://www.ijdr.in/text.asp?2019/30/3/331/264122


Full Text

India is noted to increasingly suffer from a burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), tobacco/alcohol-related disorders, and mental health issues. The burden posed by these NCDs are expected to pose a huge challenge to the existing entire public healthcare system.[1] The interrelationship of dental diseases, oral microbiome, systemic illness, and national level difference is well known.[2],[3]

A healthy normal oral microbiome is an important contributor to an adequate systemic health. Alteration of normal oral commensals and shift to pathogenic organisms may lead to several pathological conditions, lesions, and disorders. Such a shift is associated with many oral bacterial species. Most of these bacterial species are often associated with oral and systemic diseases. Gingival and periodontal diseases still remain as the major influence of other systemic diseases, notably diabetes and increased risk of CVD.[4] Recently, the influence of shift of oral and gut microbiome has been associated with mental diseases too. There have been several studies and recent evidence emerging in this arena. The new knowledge sheds interesting pattern of influence of microbiota and the method by which they influence mental well-being.[5],[6]

Given the large number of people with diabetes, CVD, rampant tobacco/alcohol abuse, and mental illness in India, the role of oral microbiome is significant.[1] The study of association and interaction of oral microbes in these disorders would help improve our understanding of the relationships. Such an understanding would lead to improved intervention and treatment possibilities. Subsequently, there would be decreased public health burden. Therefore, it is crucial that Indian dentists need to work on these arena that could contribute to the fundamental knowledge of how the oral microbiome relates to systemic health, specifically CVD, diabetes, and mental health.

References

1India State-level Disease Burden Initiative Collaborators. Nations within a nation: Variations in epidemiological transition across the states of India, 1990-2016 in the global burden of disease study. Lancet 2017;pii: S0140-6736(17)32804-0.
2Balaji SM. Noncommunicable diseases and dental diseases. Indian J Dent Res 2018;29:699.
3Balaji SM, Seeberger GK, Hennedige O. Burden of oral diseases and noncommunicable diseases: An Asia-Pacific perspective. Indian J Dent Res 2018;29:820-9.
4Gao L, Xu T, Huang G, Jiang S, Gu Y, Chen F. Oral microbiomes: More and more importance in oral cavity and whole body. Protein Cell 2018;9:488-500.
5Deans E. Microbiome and mental health in the modern environment. J Physiol Anthropol 2017;36:1.
6Bruce-Keller A, Salbaum JM, Berthoud H. Harnessing Gut microbes for mental health: getting from here to there. Biol Psychiatry 2018;83:214-23.