Indian Journal of Dental Research

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 568--574

Sociodemographic and behavioral factors associated with early childhood caries among preschool children of Western Maharashtra


Riya Jain1, Snehal Patil1, KM Shivakumar1, Samuel Raj Srinivasan2 
1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University, Karad, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Thaimoogambika Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Snehal Patil
Department of Public Health Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University, Karad, Maharashtra
India

Introduction: Early childhood caries is a preventable disease of multifactorial etiology and is a public health problem affecting majority of the preschool-age children of the country. If left untreated, it has many social, economic, and nutritional implications and affects the quality of life of the affected child. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 preschool children of Karad city, western Maharashtra, to assess the prevalence of dental caries among the preschool children and to assess the factors affecting the development of dental caries. Various child-level, parent-level, attitudinal- and family-level factors, and clinical variables were evaluated. Results: High prevalence of caries of 87.5% was observed in the study sample. Bivariate analysis showed a significant association of age of child (P < 0.001), age of mother at birth (P = 0.041), feeding during 1st year (P = 0.034), snacking habits (P = 0.001), and brushing frequency (P = 0.03) with dental caries. On multivariate analysis, the factors of snacking habits (P = 0.003) and age of child (P = 0.002) remained significantly correlated with dental caries. Conclusion: There was a strong and consistent relation of the snacking habits with the prevalence of dental caries among the preschool children of Karad city. There is a need to sensitize the caregivers regarding the role of frequent snacking in dental caries.


How to cite this article:
Jain R, Patil S, Shivakumar K M, Srinivasan SR. Sociodemographic and behavioral factors associated with early childhood caries among preschool children of Western Maharashtra.Indian J Dent Res 2018;29:568-574


How to cite this URL:
Jain R, Patil S, Shivakumar K M, Srinivasan SR. Sociodemographic and behavioral factors associated with early childhood caries among preschool children of Western Maharashtra. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Feb 25 ];29:568-574
Available from: http://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2018;volume=29;issue=5;spage=568;epage=574;aulast=Jain;type=0