Indian Journal of Dental Research

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 493--499

Oral health status and treatment need among institutionalized elderly in India


S Sabiha Shaheen, Suhas Kulkarni, Dolar Doshi, Srikanth Reddy, Padma Reddy 
 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
S Sabiha Shaheen
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana
India

Aim: To assess the oral health status and treatment needs among elderly people aged 60 years and above residing as inmates in the old age homes of Hyderabad and Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was performed to determine the oral health status and treatment needs among elderly people. Materials and Methods: In order to assess the oral health status and treatment needs, the clinical assessment of oral mucosa, community periodontal index, loss of attachment, dentition status and treatment need, prosthetic status and prosthetic need was recorded based on a modified World Health Organization 1997 proforma. Statistical Analysis Used: Multi-group analysis was done using analysis of variance. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Of the 812 inmates, 431 (64.0%) of the study participants had oral mucosal lesions. In terms of periodontal status, all sextants were excluded (Code DQXDQ) in 324 (39.9%) subjects. Out of dentate population, a majority of the inmates (219; 27.0%) presented with deep pockets (Code DQ4DQ) followed by shallow pockets (Code DQ3DQ - 183; 22.5%). The majority of the subjects had no prosthesis in the upper arch (85.0%) and lower arch (86.6%). Conclusion: The study demonstrated poor oral health among institutionalized elderly inmates. Oral mucosal lesions were found to be higher and periodontal status was also poor amongst the study population.


How to cite this article:
Shaheen S S, Kulkarni S, Doshi D, Reddy S, Reddy P. Oral health status and treatment need among institutionalized elderly in India.Indian J Dent Res 2015;26:493-499


How to cite this URL:
Shaheen S S, Kulkarni S, Doshi D, Reddy S, Reddy P. Oral health status and treatment need among institutionalized elderly in India. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 Apr 3 ];26:493-499
Available from: http://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2015;volume=26;issue=5;spage=493;epage=499;aulast=Shaheen;type=0