Indian Journal of Dental Research

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 302--308

A comparative study of various decalcification techniques


Prathibha Prasad1, Mandana Donoghue2 
1 Department of Oral Pathology, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates
2 College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Prathibha Prasad
Department of Oral Pathology, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical University, Ajman
United Arab Emirates

Background : Study of fibrilar, cellular and sub cellular structures of mineralized tissues is only possible after the removal of the calcium apatite of these tissues by the process of demineralization. Aims: The present study aims to evaluate six commonly used demineralizing agents to identify the best decalcifying agent. Materials and Methods: The present study included six different decalcifying solutions: 10% formal nitric acid, 8% formal nitric acid, 10% formic acid, 8% formic acid, Perenyi«SQ»s fluid and Ethylene Di-Amine Tetra Acetic Acid. eight samples of posterior mandible of rat were decalcified in each of the decalcifying solutions and subjected to chemical end-point test. Ehrlich«SQ»s Hematoxylin stain was used. Statistical Analysis Used: One way ANOVA was used for multiple group comparisons and Chi-square test was used for analyzing categorical data. P value of 0.05/less was set for statistical significance. Results: Samples treated with EDTA showed the best overall histological impression and the tissue integrity were well preserved. Formal nitric of both the percentages 10 and 8% gave fairly good cellular detail and were rapid in their action. Conclusion: The final impression led to the proposition that EDTA was indeed the best decalcifying agent available. However, with time constraint, the use of formal nitric acid is advocated.


How to cite this article:
Prasad P, Donoghue M. A comparative study of various decalcification techniques.Indian J Dent Res 2013;24:302-308


How to cite this URL:
Prasad P, Donoghue M. A comparative study of various decalcification techniques. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Dec 14 ];24:302-308
Available from: http://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2013;volume=24;issue=3;spage=302;epage=308;aulast=Prasad;type=0