Indian Journal of Dental Research

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 463--468

Analysis of two different surgical approaches for fractures of the mandibular condyle


S Kumaran, LJ Thambiah 
 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Annaswamy Mudaliar General Hospital, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
S Kumaran
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Annaswamy Mudaliar General Hospital, Bangalore
India

Background: Fractures of the condyle account for one third of all the mandibular fractures. Different surgical approaches to the condyle described hitherto testify to the advantages and disadvantages of the different surgical techniques used for approaching the condyle in such cases of fractures. We have described and compared two of such surgical techniques in this study. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the outcome of dealing with condylar fractures by two different surgical techniques: the mini retromandibular approach, and the preauricular approach. Materials and Methods: A prospective study of 31 patients who had suffered with mandibular condylar fractures was carried out. Of these, 26 patients had unilateral condylar fractures, and 5 patients had a bilateral fracture. Further, 19 of these patients were treated by the mini retromandibular approach and 12 by the preauricular approach. The treated patients were followed up and evaluated for a minimum period of 1 year and assessed for parameters such as the maximum mouth opening, lateral movement on the fractured side, mandibular movements such as protrusion, dental occlusion, scar formation, facial nerve weakness, salivary fistula formation and time taken for the completion of the surgical procedure. Statistical Analysis: t- test was used for statistical analysis of the data obtained in the study. Results: Dental occlusion was restored in all the cases, and good anatomical reduction was achieved. The mean operating time was higher 63.53 (mean) ± 18.12 minutes standard deviation (SD) in the preauricular approach compared to 45.22 (mean) ± 18.86 minutes SD in the mini retromandibular approach. Scar formation was satisfactory in almost all the cases.


How to cite this article:
Kumaran S, Thambiah L J. Analysis of two different surgical approaches for fractures of the mandibular condyle.Indian J Dent Res 2012;23:463-468


How to cite this URL:
Kumaran S, Thambiah L J. Analysis of two different surgical approaches for fractures of the mandibular condyle. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2012 [cited 2020 Jul 4 ];23:463-468
Available from: http://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2012;volume=23;issue=4;spage=463;epage=468;aulast=Kumaran;type=0