Indian Journal of Dental Research

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year
: 2006  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 171--177

Oral health status and treatment needs in institutionalized psychiatric patients : One year descriptive cross sectional study


Manish Kumar, GN Chandu, MD Shafiulla 
 Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
G N Chandu
Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka
India

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES : Psychiatric patients are one of the special groups requiring attention as they are often neglected. Oral health is an major determinant of general health for psychiatric patients and may have a low priority in the context of mental illness. The present study was conducted to assess the oral health status and treatment needs of institutionalized psychiatric patients of Davangere. METHODS : 220 psychiatric patients admitted in two general hospitals of Davangere during the period of one year were included in the study. The oral health status was evaluated with respect to caries, oral hygiene, and periodontal status. RESULTS : Of the 180 examined with the response rate of 81.8%. 58.3% were males, mean age was 36.7 years, 57.8% had < 1 year of mental illness with a mean of 2.2 years, and 90% were self-sufficient. The multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the mean DMFT (0.92) increased with age, duration of mental illness, and irregularity of oral hygiene habits (P<0.001). Mean OHI-S score was 3.3 and multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the mean OHI-S score increased with age (P<0.001). The multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the CPI score increased with age, duration of mental illness, and degree of helplessness (P<0.001). INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSION : The findings of this study demonstrates low caries prevalence, poor oral hygiene, and extensive unmet needs for dental treatment.


How to cite this article:
Kumar M, Chandu G N, Shafiulla M D. Oral health status and treatment needs in institutionalized psychiatric patients : One year descriptive cross sectional study.Indian J Dent Res 2006;17:171-177


How to cite this URL:
Kumar M, Chandu G N, Shafiulla M D. Oral health status and treatment needs in institutionalized psychiatric patients : One year descriptive cross sectional study. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2006 [cited 2020 Aug 3 ];17:171-177
Available from: http://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2006;volume=17;issue=4;spage=171;epage=177;aulast=Kumar;type=0