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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 61-66
Effect of sugar-free chewing gum on plaque and gingivitis among 14–15-year-old school children: A randomized controlled trial


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Al Azhar Dental College, Thodupuzha, Kerala, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of OMRD, Al Azhar Dental College, Thodupuzha, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. P Abdul Saheer
B4/Alsa Palm Springs, RC Road, Calicut - 673 032, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_247_17

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Aim: The aim of the study was to find out the effect of sugar-free chewing gums (xylitol and sorbitol) on plaque and gingivitis among 14–15-year-old school children. Materials and Methods: A single center, double-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted on 14–15-year-old children. Sample size was determined to be 48. Participants were randomly allocated to test group (xylitol [n = 12], sorbitol [n = 12]) and control group (no gum, n = 24). Duration of the study was 14 days. Baseline assessment of plaque, gingival, and bleeding score, followed by oral prophylaxis. Selected children received daily two chewing gum (1.1 g each) to chew for 20 min postbreakfast and postlunch. Follow-up was done on 15th day. Analysis was done using independent t-test, ANOVA, and post hoc test. Significance level was kept at P < 0.05. Results: There was a significant reduction in plaque, gingival, and bleeding score in test group (P < 0.05) compared to control group. Conclusion: Sugar-free gum (xylitol and sorbitol) significantly reduced the plaque, gingival, and bleeding score.


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