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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 66-70
Comparison of gray values of cone-beam computed tomography with hounsfield units of multislice computed tomography: An invitro study


Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, KLE Society's Institute of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. N Praveen Birur
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, KLE Society's Institute of Dental Sciences, No. 20, Yeshwanthpur Suburb, Bengaluru - 560 022, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_415_16

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Purpose: Hounsfield unit(HU) provides a quantitative evaluation of bone density. The assessment of bone density is essential for successful treatment plan. Although, multislice computed tomography(MSCT) is considered as gold standard in evaluating bone density, cone-beam computed tomography(CBCT) is frequently used in dentomaxillofacial imaging due to lower radiation dose, less complex device, and images with satisfactory resolution. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine and compare the gray value and HU value of hypodense and hyperdense structures on CBCT and MSCT, respectively. The study also evaluated and compared the gray values in different field of views within CBCT. Materials and Methods: A total of 20 dry human mandibles were obtained. The gray values and HU values of hypodense structures(extraction socket, inferior alveolar canal, and mental foramen) and hyperdense structures(enamel, cancellous, and cortical bone) were evaluated and compared between CBCT and MSCT images, respectively. The obtained data were statistically analyzed. Statistical Analysis: One-way analyses of variance, ANOVA F-test. Results: The gray value for hypodense structures in large volume CBCT scans resembled the HU value. The study showed statistically significant difference(P<0.001) in gray values for all the hyperdense structures in CBCT when compared to HU values of MSCT scans. Conclusion: The gray value for hypodense structures in large volume CBCT scan was more reliable and analogous to HU value in MSCT. The determination of grey values in CBCT may not be as accurate as HU value in CT for hyperdense structures.


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