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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-32
Exploring the multitude of risk factors associated with early childhood caries


1 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, K.L.E Society's Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Sri Rajiv Gandhi College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mihir Nayak
174, 5th Main, 5th Cross, C.B.Nagar, Dharwad - 580 007, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_35_16

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Context: Despite efforts in restorative therapy, children who experience Early Childhood Caries(ECC) continue to be at a higher risk for new lesions in both the primary and the permanent dentition. Early interventions which disrupt the pathobiology of caries need identification of all the causative or risk factors. Aims and Objectives: This study dealt with the prevalence and associated risk factors of ECC among preschool children aged 3 to 5years in Bengaluru city. Materials and Methods: Information regarding risk factors was obtained through a structured questionnaire among a random sample of 1152 children. Clinical examination was performed by a trained dental professional using the modified WHO oral health survey format. Statistical Analysis: Chi-square, one-way ANOVA, correlation, multiple linear regression analysis. Results: The prevalence of ECC among preschool children was 24.39%(P<0.05), whereas the mean deft was 5.80±8.90. The prevalence of ECC among males and females was 24.92% and 23.81%, respectively. 4.27% of children with ECC showed a history of prolonged breastfeeding beyond 2.5years(P<0.05). 50.18% of children had a history of using medications during bedtime/night. History of low birth weight was reported among 23.84% of ECC children. Only 13.52% of mothers claimed of getting a prenatal oral health care/counseling(P<0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of ECC was seen in almost a quarter of the population with a high deft. Asignificant relation was associated only with the feeding duration and lack of prenatal oral health counseling provided to parents.


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