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Table of Contents   
SHORT COMMUNICATION  
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 106-107
Video laryngoscope: A boon for airway management in severe facial trauma


1 Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, CDER, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

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Date of Submission20-Nov-2015
Date of Decision07-Feb-2016
Date of Acceptance29-Feb-2016
Date of Web Publication7-Apr-2016
 

   Abstract 

We report the use of video laryngoscope for the exchange of orotracheal tube to nasotracheal tube needed for mandibular repair in a case of oromaxillofacial injury.

Keywords: Endotracheal tube exchanger, facial trauma, nasal intubation, video laryngoscope

How to cite this article:
Kumar S, Singh S, Kumar N, Dube SK. Video laryngoscope: A boon for airway management in severe facial trauma. Indian J Dent Res 2016;27:106-7

How to cite this URL:
Kumar S, Singh S, Kumar N, Dube SK. Video laryngoscope: A boon for airway management in severe facial trauma. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Dec 9];27:106-7. Available from: http://www.ijdr.in/text.asp?2016/27/1/106/179841
Patients with oromaxillofacial injury have difficult airway due to distorted airway anatomy, associated cervical injury, and presence of blood in oral cavity. We report the use of video laryngoscope for exchanging an oral to a nasal endotracheal tube for mandibular fixation in a patient with orofaciomaxillary trauma.


   Case report Top


A 26-year-old male presented to us following severe facial trauma [Figure 1]. In view of facial injury and threatened airway, his trachea was orally intubated with a tracheal tube in the emergency department after five attempts using a conventional laryngoscope without using stylet or external laryngeal manipulation. Further evaluation showed mandibular fracture (body fracture on the right side and parasymphysis fracture on the left side) and dentoalveolar fracture in maxilla in respect to right incisor tooth, with extruded right incisor tooth. An intermaxillary fixation followed by open reduction and rigid fixation of mandible was planned.
Figure 1: Oromaxillofacial injury with nasal tracheal tube in situ

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The surgical procedure required nasotracheal intubation and the patient attendants refused for an elective tracheostomy. All preparations for difficult airway management were done. We gently inserted a video laryngoscope maintaining a constant vision of internal airway anatomy, a 7.5 mm nasal endotracheal tube was then inserted through right nare until larynx. The oral endotracheal tube was removed over a tube exchanger under direct vision leaving the tube exchanger in situ. The nasal tube was negotiated into the larynx under direct vision using a Magill's forceps. Correct placement of the tracheal tube was confirmed, and then tube exchanger was removed. Rest of the surgery remains uneventful.


   Discussion Top


Distorted airway anatomy and blood inside oral cavity were the primary airway management problem in our case. Another problem in our case was to ensure maintenance of continuous ventilation and oxygenation during tube exchange. Fiberoptic bronchoscope is often used during difficult airway management situations. [1],[2],[3] Patteson et al. [4] described the use of fiberoptic bronchoscope for tube exchange wherein, the nasal tube through fiberoptic bronchoscope was placed between the existing oral tube and trachea and they could maintain oxygenation and ventilation of patient throughout the procedure. However, the problem with that approach was inability to exchange the tube if the airway were not of sufficient diameter to accommodate two endotracheal tubes. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy is a time-consuming highly operator-dependent procedure. It is usually not possible in cases of blood inside oral cavity and ensuring minimal interruption in oxygenation and ventilation is usually not possible during tube exchange using fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Hence, we did not use fiberoptic bronchoscope for tube exchange.

Use of video laryngoscope for tracheal intubation in case of faciomaxillary trauma has been described. [5] Video laryngoscopy helps improve glottic visualization with less force application to the base of the tongue, and therefore, is less likely to induce local tissue injury, a feature highly desirable in our patient considering the extent of initial injury [Figure 1]. Hence, we used video laryngoscope (to have a constant vision of internal anatomy of oral cavity without inflicting more trauma to oral cavity) and tube exchanger for tube exchange providing continuous oxygenation and ventilation.

Securing the airway is one of the most important steps in the management of patients with orofaciomaxillary trauma, and we suggest the use of video laryngoscope for tracheal tube exchange these patients.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
   References Top

1.
Watson CB, Prough DS, Balestieri FJ. Bronchoscope tube change in critically ill patients. Crit care Med 1980;8:246.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Rosenbaum SH, Rosenbaum LM, Cole RP, Askanazi J, Hyman AI. Use of the flexible fiberoptic brochoscope to change endotracheal tubes in critically ill patients. Anesthesiology 1981;54:169-70.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]    
3.
Watson CB. Use of fiberoptic bronchoscope to change endotracheal tube endorsed. Anesthesiology 1981;55:476-7.  Back to cited text no. 3
[PUBMED]    
4.
Patteson SK, Epps JL, Hall J. Simultaneous oral and nasal tracheal intubation utilizing a fiberoptic scope in a patient with facial trauma. J Clin Anesth 1996;8:258-9.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Cavus E, Callies A, Doerges V, Heller G, Merz S, Rösch P, et al. The C-MAC videolaryngoscope for prehospital emergency intubation: A prospective, multicentre, observational study. Emerg Med J 2011;28:650-3.  Back to cited text no. 5
    

Top
Correspondence Address:
Surya Kumar Dube
Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.179841

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