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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 363-368
Influence of finishing/polishing on color stability and surface roughness of composites submitted to accelerated artificial aging


1 Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Ribeirão Preto Dental School, São Paulo University, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
2 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Dental Materials Area, Piracicaba Dental School, Campinas State University, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Lucas da Fonseca Roberti Garcia
Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Ribeirão Preto Dental School, São Paulo University, Ribeirão Preto, SP
Brazil
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.118010

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Aim: To assess the influence of finishing/polishing procedure on color stability (ΔE ) and surface roughness (Ra ) of composites (Heliomolar and Tetric - color A2) submitted to accelerated artificial aging (AAA). Materials and Methods : Sixty test specimens were made of each composite (12 mm × 2 mm) and separated into six groups (n = 10), according to the type of finishing/polishing to which they were submitted: C, control; F, tip 3195 F; FF, tip 3195 FF; FP, tip 3195 F + diamond paste; FFP, tip 3195 FF + diamond paste; SF, Sof-Lex discs. After polishing, controlled by an electromechanical system, initial color (spectrophotometer PCB 6807 BYK GARDNER) and Ra (roughness meter Surfcorder SE 1700, cut-off 0.25 mm) readings were taken. Next, the test specimens were submitted to the AAA procedure (C-UV Comexim) for 384 hours, and at the end of this period, new color readings and R a were taken. Results: Statistical analysis [2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Bonferroni, P < 0.05] showed that all composites demonstrated ΔE alteration above the clinically acceptable limits, with the exception of Heliomolar composite in FP. The greatest ΔE alteration occurred for Tetric composite in SF (13.38 ± 2.10) statistically different from F and FF (P < 0.05). For Ra , Group F showed rougher samples than FF with statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). Conclusion: In spite of the surface differences, the different finishing/polishing procedures were not capable of providing color stability within the clinically acceptable limits.


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