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Table of Contents   
LETTER TO EDITOR  
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 554
Dental implantation and anaerobic bacteria


Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

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Date of Web Publication20-Dec-2012
 

How to cite this article:
Tavana AM. Dental implantation and anaerobic bacteria. Indian J Dent Res 2012;23:554

How to cite this URL:
Tavana AM. Dental implantation and anaerobic bacteria. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2012 [cited 2019 Oct 21];23:554. Available from: http://www.ijdr.in/text.asp?2012/23/4/554/104972
Sir,

Dental microbial biofilm plays an important role in different types of periodontal diseases and peri-implantitis. It is said that more than 400 bacterial species are localized in the subgingival plaque. [1],[2] Very common bacteria species-Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Tannerella forsythensis (Bacteroides forsythus), Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia and spirochetes have also been identified from symptomatic infected implants. [3],[4]

Bacterial infection is the main reason of failing implant. [5] It is known that a high prevalence of putative periodontopathogens in the pockets around dental implants of periodontal patients should indicate an increased risk of infection and Prevotella spp. and Porphyromonas spp. are, most often, isolated. [6] Nowadays studies have shown an increase of resistance in Prevotella spp. and Porphyromonas spp. [6],[7] Little is known about the participation of black-pigmented gram-negative strict anaerobic rods in the different oral infectious processes or about the interaction of different metals from implants on specific oral organisms, the isolation and identification of Prevotella and Porphyromonas species from osseointegrated implants. [8] The role of P.corporis in many oral infectious diseases is also not clear. [9] This organism may possibly be involved in dental implant failure but many more studies are necessary to clear the fact.

 
   References Top

1.Becker W, Becker BE, Newman MG, Nyman S. Clinical and microbiologic findings that may contribute to dental implant failure. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1990;5:31-8.   Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]    
2.Piovano S. Bacteriology of most frequent oral anaerobic infections. Anaerobe 1999;5:221-7.   Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Mättö J, Asikainen S, Väisänen ML, Rautio M, Saarela M, Summanen P, et al. Role of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, and Prevotella nigrescens in extra oral and some odontogenic infections. Clin Infect Dis 1997;2:194-8.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.Tavana AM, Korachi M, Boote V, Hull PS, Love DN, Drucker DB. Phospholipid analogues of Porphyromonas gingivalis. J Appl Microbiol 2000;88:791-9.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.Lee KH, Maiden MF, Tanner AC, Weber HP. Microbiota of successful osseointegraded dental implants. J Periodontol 1999;70:131-8.   Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.Andrés MT, Chung WO, Roberts MC, Fierro JF. Antimicrobial susceptibilities of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, and Prevotella nigrescens spp. isolated in Spain. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1998;42:3022-3.   Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.Carrasco E, Martinez M, Calbacho M, Wilckens M. In vitro activity of amoxicillin, tetracycline, azitromycin, ofloxacin and metronidazole against Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, and Fusobacterium nucleatum strains. Anaerobe 1999;5:443-5.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.Salcetti JM, Moriarty JD, Cooper LF, Smith FW, Collins JG, Socransky SS, et al. The clinical, microbial, and host response characteristics of the failing implant. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1997;12:32-42.   Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.Tavana AM. Isolation of P. corporis from oral cavity: What is the role of this bacterium in the mouth and other parts of the human body? Indian J Dent Res 2009;20:129.  Back to cited text no. 9
    

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Correspondence Address:
Ali M Tavana
Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.104972

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