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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 613
Impact of chikungunya virus infection on oral health status: An observational study


1 Consultant Public Health Dentist, Sai Dental Clinic, Ganeshpur, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Microbiology, BLDEAS, Shri BM Patil Medical College and Research Centre, Bijapur, India
3 Consultant Physician, Vatsalya Hospital, Bijapur, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
P R Shahapur
Department of Microbiology, BLDEAS, Shri BM Patil Medical College and Research Centre, Bijapur
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.90325

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Background and Objective: Chikungunya fever outbreak started in December 2005 in India when the country experienced more than 13 lakhs of Chikungunya infected cases. We undertook this study to describe the impact of Chikungunya virus infection on oral health. Materials and Methods: The confirmed seropositive patients were included for the study (N = 97). Oral hygiene index simplified, gingival index, plaque index were recorded. Results: Of the 181 tested, 97 were confirmed seropositive for chikungunya infection. Pain and bleeding gums were seen in 55% of the subjects. Of them, 29.1% had poor oral hygiene, 42.27% had severe gingivitis, and 27.84% had severe plaque deposits. Severe gingivitis was observed in patients with chronic disease, this association was statistically significant (χ2 = 6.417, P = 0.040). Conclusion: Our findings showed that about more than half of the tested patients suffered severe pain and bleeding in the oral cavity thereby causing discomfort in chewing. About 1/3 patients had severe gingivitis and foul breath which caused discomfort in carrying out their day-to-day activities.


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