Indian Journal of Dental ResearchIndian Journal of Dental ResearchIndian Journal of Dental Research
HOME | ABOUT US | EDITORIAL BOARD | AHEAD OF PRINT | CURRENT ISSUE | ARCHIVES | INSTRUCTIONS | SUBSCRIBE | ADVERTISE | CONTACT
Indian Journal of Dental Research   Login   |  Users online: 4045

Home Bookmark this page Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font size Increase font size         

 


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 542-546
Morphometrical and morphological study of mental foramen in dry dentulous mandibles of South Andhra population of India


Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Narayana Medical College, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Devi K Sankar
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Narayana Medical College, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.90290

Rights and Permissions

Background: Mental foramen (MF) is an anatomical structure of particular importance in local anesthesia and surgical procedures in terms of achieving effective mandibular nerve blocks and avoiding injuries to the neurovascular bundles. Aim: To determine the morphometry and morphology of MF in south Andhra population of India, hitherto unreported. Materials and Methods: Ninety dry dentulous mandibles of both sexes were examined for position, size, shape and number of MF. Results: Various parameters investigated are, the horizontal distance between (1) symphysis menti and MF was 27.2 mm on right and 27.7 mm on the left, (2) MF and posterior border of ramus was 70.7 mm on both sides, vertical distance between (3) MF and inferior border of mandible was16.5 mm on right and 14.3 mm on left, (4) alveolar crest and MF was 13.7 mm on right and 16.4 on left, (5) distance between the MF and below the apex of premolar socket was +2.8 mm on right and +3.5 mm on left and above the socket was -2.8 mm on right and -2.7 mm on left. Occurrence of MF below the second premolar tooth was found to be highest (73.2%). Average size of MF was larger on left and its way of exit was in postero-superior direction. Shape of MF was round in 79% and oval in 21% and double MF was found in 8.9% of mandibles. Conclusions: In the present study, most common position of MF was found below the apex of second premolar in 73.2% and between the second premolar and first molar in 19% of mandibles. The other morphometrical findings of this study may be implicated by dental practitioners and maxillofacial surgeons


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article

 
 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
  Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
  Reader Comments
  Email Alert *
  Add to My List *
 
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed4117    
    Printed100    
    Emailed2    
    PDF Downloaded233    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 21    

Recommend this journal