Indian Journal of Dental ResearchIndian Journal of Dental ResearchIndian Journal of Dental Research
HOME | ABOUT US | EDITORIAL BOARD | AHEAD OF PRINT | CURRENT ISSUE | ARCHIVES | INSTRUCTIONS | SUBSCRIBE | ADVERTISE | CONTACT
Indian Journal of Dental Research   Login   |  Users online: 223

Home Bookmark this page Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font size Increase font size         

 


 
REVIEW ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 91-98
An overview of the corrosion aspect of dental implants (titanium and its alloys)


Professor, Division of Orthodontics and General Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, 4GF Jodhpur Colony, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, Uttar Pradesh, India

Click here for correspondence address and email

Date of Submission27-Apr-2008
Date of Decision16-Jul-2008
Date of Acceptance22-Jul-2008
 

   Abstract 

Titanium and its alloys are used in dentistry for implants because of its unique combination of chemical, physical, and biological properties. They are used in dentistry in cast and wrought form. The long term presence of corrosion reaction products and ongoing corrosion lead to fractures of the alloy-abutment interface, abutment, or implant body. The combination of stress, corrosion, and bacteria contribute to implant failure. This article highlights a review of the various aspects of corrosion and biocompatibility of dental titanium implants as well as suprastructures. This knowledge will also be helpful in exploring possible research strategies for probing the biological properties of materials.

Keywords: Biocompatibility, corrosion, dental implants, titanium, titanium alloys

How to cite this article:
Chaturvedi T P. An overview of the corrosion aspect of dental implants (titanium and its alloys). Indian J Dent Res 2009;20:91-8

How to cite this URL:
Chaturvedi T P. An overview of the corrosion aspect of dental implants (titanium and its alloys). Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2009 [cited 2019 Dec 11];20:91-8. Available from: http://www.ijdr.in/text.asp?2009/20/1/91/49068
The mouth is the portal entry of the human body. It is also the habitat of microbial species that are kept wet by saliva. Oral tissues are exposed to a veritable bombardment of both chemical and physical stimuli as well as metabolism of about 30 species of bacteria (the total salivary bacterial count is said to be five thousand million/ml of saliva). Yet, for the most part, oral tissues remain healthy. Saliva has several viruses, bacteria, yeast and fungi and their products, such as organic acids and enzymes, epithelial cells, food debris, and components from gingival crevicular fluid. Moreover, saliva is a hypotonic solution containing bioactonate, chloride, potassium, sodium, nitrogenous compounds, and proteins. The pH of saliva varies from 5.2 to 7.8. Many gram-negative and gram-positive bacterial species form a major part of dental plaque around the teeth and also colonize the mucosal surfaces. Teeth function in one of the most inhospitable environments in the body. They are subject to larger temperature variation than most other parts, coping with cold of ice (0°C) to hot coffee and soup. Factors such as temperature, quantity and quality of saliva, plaque, pH, protein, and the physical and chemical properties of food and liquids as well as oral health conditions may influence corrosion. Corrosion, the graded degradation of materials by electrochemical attack is of concern particularly when a metallic implant, metallic filling, or orthodontic appliances are placed in the hostile electrolytic environment provided by the human mouth. [1],[2] For dental implants, biocompatibility depends on mechanical and corrosion/degradation properties of the material, tissue, and host factors. Biomaterial surface chemistry, topography (roughness), and type of tissue integration (osseous, fibrous, and mixed) correlate with host response. Biocompatibility of the implants and its associated structure is important for proper function of the prosthesis in the mouth. Corrosion can severely limit the fatigue life and ultimate strength of the material leading to mechanical failure of the dental materials. High noble alloys used in dentistry are so stable chemically that they do not undergo significant corrosion in the oral environment, the major component of these alloys are gold, palladium, and platinum.


   Clinical Significance of Corrosion Top


It has been proven that small galvanic currents associated with electrogalvanism are continually present in the oral cavity. As long as metallic dental restorative materials are employed, there seems to be little possibility that these galvanic currents can be eliminated. Post operative pain caused by galvanic shock can be a source of discomfort in the metallic restoration to an occasional patient. Resistance to corrosion is critically important for dental materials because corrosion can lead to roughening of the surface, weakening of the restoration, liberation of elements from the metal or alloy, and toxic reactions. The liberation of elements can produce discoloration of adjacent soft tissues and allergic reactions such as oral edema, perioral stomatitis, gingivitis, and extraoral manifestation such as eczematous rashes in susceptible patients. According to Kirkpatric, et al. [3] the pathomechanism of the impaired wound healing is modulated by specific metal ions released by corrosion.


   The Effect of Corrosion on Dental Implants Top


Dental implant treatment has been one of the most recent success stories of dentistry. The use of dental implants in the treatment of complete and partial edentulisms has become an integral treatment modality in dentistry. Dental implants are made of biocompatible materials and they are surgically inserted into the jaw bone primarily as a prosthetic foundation. Titanium and titanium alloys are commonly used as dental implant materials. The process of integration of titanium with bone has been termed as "osseointegration" by Branemark. [4] Presently, most of the commercially available implant systems are made of pure titanium (CP-Ti) or titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V. Titanium and its alloys provide strength, rigidity, and ductility similar to those of other dental alloys. Whereas, pure titanium castings have mechanical properties similar to Type III and Type IV gold alloys, some titanium alloy castings, such as Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-15V have properties closer to Ni-Cr and Co-Cr castings with the exception of lower modulus. Titanium and its alloys give greater resistance to corrosion in saline and acidic environments. Even though titanium alloys were exceptionally corrosion-resistant because of the stability of the TiO 2 oxide layer, they are not inert to corrosive attack. When the stable oxide layer is broken down or removed and is unable to reform on parts of the surface, titanium can be as corrosive as many other base metals.

The oral cavity can simulate an electrochemical cell under certain circumstances. Although titanium shows better corrosion resistance, it may interact with living tissue in several years. This interaction results in a release of small quantities of corrosion products even though they are covered by thermodynamically stable oxide film. If a base metal alloy superstructure is provided over a Ti implant, then also an electrochemical cell is formed. The less noble metal alloy forms anode and the more noble titanium forms cathode. Electrons are transferred through metallic contact, and the anode is the surface or sites on a surface where positive ions are formed (i.e., the metal surface that is undergoing an oxidation reaction and corroding) with the production of the free electrons.


   Fracture of Dental Implant Top


Although a fracture of dental implants is not a frequent phenomenon, it can cause unfavorable clinical results. Corrosion can severely limit the fatigue life and ultimate strength of the material leading to mechanical failure of the implant. It has been found that metal fatigue can lead to implant fracture. Titanium is not sufficiently stable to prevent wear and tear in bearings under load. Under static conditions, Ti and Ti alloy are able to withstand exposure to physiologic chlorine solutions at body temperature indefinitely but are susceptible to oxide changes caused by mechanical micromotion. For example, stainless steel and Ti alloy demonstrated crack-like features when loaded to yield stress. Therefore, repeated oxide breakdown such as sustained abrasion is likely to damage corrosion resistance. The superstructures also cause a release of metal ions. Corrosion sets in and results in the leaking of ions into surrounding tissues. Green [5] reported a fracture of a dental implant 4 years after loading. The failure analysis of the implant revealed that the fracture was caused by metal fatigue and that the crown-metal, a Ni-Cr-Mo alloy, exhibited corrosion. Yokoyama, et al.[6] concluded that titanium in a biological environment absorbs hydrogen and this may be the reason for delayed fracture of a titanium implant.


   Cellular Responses Top


Hexavalent chromium ions are released from implant materials. [7] Nickel and chromium induce Type-IV hypersensitivity reactions in the body and act as haptens, carcinogens, and mutagens. They can cause several cytotoxic responses including a decrease in some enzyme activities, interference with biochemical pathways, carcinogenicity, and mutagenicity. Long-term exposure to nickel containing dental materials may adversely affect both human monocytes and oral mucosal cells. Titanium containing nickel may cause localized tissue irritation in some patients. Manganese from the alloy is also consumed with saliva, which produces toxicity leading to skeletal and nervous, system disorders.


   Bone Loss and Osteolysis Top


Ti alloys have shown integration with bone and soft tissue environments. However, there is concern that Ti alloys contain significant amounts of alloying elements that exhibit different morphology and crystallization, which may affect osseointegration especially due to corrosion products containing aluminium and vanadium. According to Roynesdal, et al., [8] marginal bone loss around implants showed the worst results with titanium sprayed implants. Olmedo, et al. [9] reported that the presence of macrophages in peri-implant soft tissue induced by a corrosion process plays an important role in implant failure. Free titanium ions inhibit growth of hydroxyapatite crystals (mineralization of calcified tissues at the interface). These processes lead to local osteolysis and loss of clinical stability of the implant.


   Local Reactions (Pain/Swelling) Top


Although titanium exhibits better corrosion resistance, it may interact with living tissues over several years. An increased level of calcium and phosphorous have been found in oxide surface layers indicating an exchange of ions at the interface. [10] Corrosion products have been implicated in causing local pain or swelling in the region of the implant in the absence of infection and it can cause secondary infection. A hydrogen peroxide environmental condition has been shown to interact with titanium and is associated with low toxicity, inflammation, bone modeling, and bactericidal characteristics.


   Corrosion Top


Corrosion behavior in the oral cavity

Many types of electrochemical corrosion are possible in the oral environment because saliva, with salt, acts as a weak electrolyte. The electrochemical properties of saliva depend on the concentrations of its components, pH, surface tension, and buffering capacity. Each of these factors may influence the strength of any electrolyte. Thus, the magnitude of the resulting corrosion process will be controlled by these variables.

The features that determine how and why dental materials corrode are as follows: [11]

  1. Oxidation and reduction reactions.
  2. Factors that physically impede or prevent corrosion from taking place (process of passivation or the formation of a metal oxide passive film on a metal surface).


Types of corrosion

There are two types of corrosive reactions: chemical and electrochemical. In chemical corrosion (dry corrosion), there is a direct combination of metallic and non metallic elements to yield a chemical compound through processes such as oxidation, halogenation, or sulfurization reactions. Electrochemical corrosion (wet corrosion) requires the presence of water or some other fluid electrolytes. This general mode of corrosion is important for dental restorations. Various forms of corrosion that may occur with the above types of reactions are mentioned in [Figure 1] and [Table 1].

The complexity of the electrochemical process involved in the implant-superstructure joint is linked to the phenomenon of galvanic coupling and pitted corrosion. The reduction in pH and the increase in the concentration of chloride ions are two essential factors in the initiation and propagation of the crevice corrosion phenomenon. When the acidity of the medium increases with time, the passive layer of the alloy dissolves and accelerates the local corrosion process. Crevice corrosion of stainless steels in aerated salt solutions is widely known. Corrosion products of Fe, Cr, and Ni, the main components of stainless steel, accumulate in the crevice and form highly acidic chloride solutions in which corrosions rates are very high.

Galvanic corrosion

The most common form of corrosion, which is generally present in dental implants, is galvanic corrosion. Titanium has been chosen as the material of choice for endosseous implantation. Even though titanium alloys are exceptionally corrosion resistant because of the stability of the TiO 2 layer, they are not inert to corrosive attack. When the stable oxide layer is broken down or removed and is unable to reform on part of surface, titanium can be as corrosive as many other base metals. [12] Galvanic coupling of titanium to other metallic restorative materials may also generate corrosion. Hence, there is a great concern regarding the materials for suprastructures over the implants.

Gold alloys are generally chosen as the superstructures because of their excellent biocompatibility, corrosion resistance, and mechanical properties. However, these are quite expensive. Therefore, new alloys such as Ni-Cr, Ag-Pd, and Co-Cr alloys are generally used. They have good mechanical properties and are cost effective. But their biocompatibility and corrosion resistance are of concern.

When two or more dental prosthetic devices/restorations made of dissimilar alloys come into contact while exposed to oral fluids, the difference between their corrosion potential results in a flow of electric current between them. An in vivo galvanic cell is formed and the galvanic current causes acceleration of corrosion of the less noble metal. The galvanic current passes through the metal/metal junction and also through tissues, which causes pain. The current flows through two electrolytes, saliva, or other liquids in the mouth and the bone and tissue fluids.

The differential surface of a metallic restoration may have small pits/crevices. Consequently, stress and pit corrosion occurs. The mechanical and notched sensitivity, [13] stress corrosion cracking, torsional, [14] and smooth and notched corrosion fatigue [15] are properties of titanium materials used for implant.

The conjoint action of chemical and mechanical attack results in fretting corrosion. Fretting is another type of erosion-corrosion, but in a vapor phase.

Hydrogen attack is the reaction of the hydrogen with carbides in steel to form methane, resulting in decarburization voids and surface blisters. It can embrittle reactive metals such as titanium, vanadium, niobium, etc.


   Microbial Corrosion Top


Microbiology-related corrosion has been noted in industry for many years. It is widely recognized that microorganisms affect the corrosion of metal and alloys immersed in an aqueous environment. Under similar conditions, the effect of bacteria in the oral environment on the corrosion of dental metallic materials remains unknown. The effect of enzymatic activity and degradation of composite resins has been reported earlier. Chang, et al.[16] showed that the corrosion behavior of dental metallic materials in the presence of Streptococcus mutans and its growth byproducts is increased. Brushing and the attachment of microbes on implants may disturb the passivity of passive metal. The formation of organic acids during glucolysis pathways from sugars by bacteria may reduce pH. A low pH creates a favorable environment for aerobic bacteria for corrosion. Microbes oxidize manganese and iron and reaction products viz. MnO 2, FeO, Fe 2 O 3 , MnCl 2 , FeCl 2 favor corrosion of the implant. A complex mechanism of interaction occurs among anaerobic and aerobic bacteria in various zones, favoring corrosion products. Due to the deposition of the biofilm, the metal surface beneath the biofilm and the other areas are exposed to different amounts of oxygen, which leads to the creation of differential aeration cells. Less aerated zones act as an anode, which undergoes corrosion releasing metal ions into the saliva. These metal ions combine with the end-products of the bacteria, along with chloride ion in the electrolyte (saliva) to form more corrosive products like MnCl 2 , FeCl 2, etc. favoring further corrosion. [2] Microbial corrosion occurs when the acidic waste products of microbes and bacteria corrode metal surfaces. The incidence and severity of microbial corrosion can be reduced by keeping the area as clean as possible and by using antibiotic sprays and dips to control the population of microbes. Maruthamuthu, et al.[2] studied the electrochemical behavior of microbes on orthodontic wires in artificial saliva with or without saliva. According to him, bacteria slightly reduce the resistance and increase the corrosion current. Leaching of manganese, chromium, nickel, and iron from the wires may be due to the availability of manganese oxidizers, iron oxidizers, and heterotrophic bacteria in the saliva.

The effect of fluoride ion concentration

In the oral environment, fluoride contained in commercial mouthwashes, toothpaste, and prophylactic gels are widely used to prevent dental caries or relieve dental sensitivity or for proper oral cleaning after application of normal brushes with toothpaste. The detrimental effect of fluoride ions on the corrosion resistance of Ti or Ti alloys has been extensively reported. Fluoride ions are very aggressive on the protective TiO 2 film formed on Ti and Ti alloys. Odontogenic fluoride gels should be avoided because they create an acidic environment that leads to the degradation of the titanium oxide layer and possibly inhibits osseointegration.

In vitro and in vivo studies

A primary requisite of any metal used in the mouth is that it must not produce corrosion products that will be harmful to the body. Reed and Willman [17] demonstrated the presence of galvanic currents in the oral cavity probably for the first time in detail. Approximate values for the magnitude were established. Burse, et al.[18] described an experimental protocol for in vivo tarnish evaluations and showed the importance of the proper elemental ratio in gold alloys compositions. Various experimental in vitro studies regarding corrosion are shown in [Table 2], which can explore the future research strategies for the corrosion study of implant materials.

Tufekci, et al. [19] described a highly sensitive analytical technique that showed the release of individual elements over a 1 month period, which appeared to be correlated with micro structural phases in the alloys.

Notable changes due to galvanic coupling have been reported in literature. Pourbaix [20] reviewed the methods of electrochemical thermodynamics (electrode potential-pH equilibrium diagrams) and electrochemical kinetics (polarization curves) to understand and predict the corrosion behavior of metals and alloys in the presence of body fluids.

Sutow, et al.[21] studied the in vitro crevice corrosion behavior of implant materials. The galvanic corrosion of titanium in contact with amalgam and cast prosthodontic alloys has been studied in vitro. [22],[23] No current or change in pH was registered when gold, cobalt chromium, stainless steel, carbon composite, or silver palladium alloys came in metallic contact with titanium. Changes occurred when amalgam was in contact with titanium.

Geis-Gerstorfer, et al.[24] stated that the galvanic corrosion of implant/superstructure systems is important in two aspects: (i) the possibility of biological effects that may result from the dissolution of alloy components and (ii) the current flow that results from galvanic corrosion may lead to bone destruction.

In another study, Reclaru and Meyer [25] examined the corrosion behavior of different dental alloys, which may potentially be used for superstructures in galvanic coupling with titanium. Cortada, et al. [7] had reported that metallic ions are released in the artificial saliva of titanium oral implants coupled with different metal superstructures. In this work, metallic ion release in oral implants with superstructures of different metals and alloys used in clinical dentistry was determined.

The study regarding the measurement and evaluation of galvanic corrosion between titanium and dental alloys was also carried out by Grosgogeal, et al.[26] using electrochemical techniques and auger spectrometry. The results showed that the intensity of the corrosion process is low in case of Ti/dental alloys. Other types of corrosion, e.g., pitting corrosion and crevice corrosion should also be considered.

Aparicio, et al. [27] studied the corrosion behavior of commercially pure titanium shot blasted with different materials and sizes of shot particles for dental implant applications. It is well known that the osseointegration of the commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti) dental implant is improved when the metal is shot blasted to increase its surface roughness. This roughness is colonized by bone, which improves implant fixation.

Oh and Kim [28] carried out a study regarding the electrochemical properties of suprastructures galvanically coupled to a titanium implant. Photomicrographs after electrochemical testing showed crevice or pitting corrosion in the marginal gap and at the suprastructure surface. Tested samples of Co-Cr/Ti implant couples showed the possibility of galvanic corrosion, but its degree was not significant.

Kasemo and Lausmaa [29] demonstrated the dissolution of corrosion products into the bioliquid and adjacent tissues. Thus, the outermost atomic layers of an implant are critical regions associated with biochemical interactions of the implant-tissue interface. This should have a tremendous influence on a high degree of standardization and surface control in the production of dental implants. The response of bone to different implant materials is the principal factor on which an implant material is selected as suitable or unsuitable for osseointegration.

Siiril and Knnen [30] studied the effects of topical fluoride on commercially pure titanium and concluded that toothbrushes used in contact with titanium surfaces should be as nonabrasive as possible, and that long lasting contamination with topical fluorides should be avoided. Nakagawa, et al.[31] studied the relationship between fluoride concentrations and pH values at which Ti corrosion occurred in the presence of fluoride ions.

From the above brief review of literature, it is evident that monitoring of corrosion potential is helpful in indicating the existence and the extent of galvanic corrosion occurring in dental implants. According to Jose, et al., [32] it is difficult to predict the clinical behavior of an alloy from in vitro studies, since such factors as changes in the quantity and quality of saliva, diet, oral hygiene, polishing of alloy, the amount and distribution of occlusal forces, or brushing with toothpaste can all influence corrosion to varying degrees. The increase in metal ion content in the environment may eventually prevent further corrosion. Sometimes a metal ceases corroding because its ions have saturated the immediate environment. This situation does not usually occur in dental restorations because dissolving food, fluids, and toothbrushes remove ions. Thus, corrosion of the restorations will continue.


   Summary Top


In spite of recent innovative metallurgical and technological advances and remarkable progress in the design and development of surgical and dental materials, failures do occur. One of the reasons for these failures can be corrosion of dental implants. The most favorable suprastructure/implant couple is the one which is capable of resisting the most extreme conditions that could possibly be encountered in the mouth. The choice of the materials used for the implant as well as implant borne suprastructures become crucial, and can be made by way of evaluating their galvanic corrosion behaviors. When the mechanisms that ensure implant bioacceptance and structural stabilization are fully understood, implant failures will become a rare occurrence, provided that they are used properly and placed in sites for which they are indicated.[39]

 
   References Top

1.Anusavice KJ editors. Phillips' science of dental materials. 11 th ed. Saunders-Elsevier; 2003. p. 56-70.  Back to cited text no. 1    
2.Maruthamuthu S. Electrochemical behavior of microbes on orthodontic wires. Curr Sci 2005;89:988-1005.  Back to cited text no. 2    
3.Kirkpatric CJ, Barta S, Gerdes T, Krump-Konvalinhova V, Peters K. Pathomechanisms of impaired wound healing metallic corrosion products. Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir 2002;6:183-90.  Back to cited text no. 3    
4.Branemark PI, Hansson BO, Adell R, Breine U, Lindstrom J, Halloeno, et al . Osseointegrated implants in the treatment of the edentulous jaw: Experience from a 10 year period. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Suppl 1997;16:1-132.  Back to cited text no. 4    
5.Green NT. Fracture of dental implants: Literature review and report of a case. Imp Dent 2002;11:137-43.  Back to cited text no. 5    
6.Yokoyama K, Ichikawa T, Murakami H, Miyamoto Y, Asaoka K. Fracture mechanisms of retrieved titanium screw thread in dental implant. Biomaterials 2002;23:2459-65.  Back to cited text no. 6    
7.Cortada M, Giner L, Costa S, Gil FJ, Rodriguez D, Planell JA. Galvanic Corrosion behaviour of titanium implants coupled to dental alloys. J Mater Sci Mater Med 2000;11:287-93.  Back to cited text no. 7    
8.Røynesdal AK, Ambjørnsen E, Haanaes HR. A Comparision of 3 different Endogenous nonsubmerged implants in endentoulous mandible: A clinical report. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1999;14:543-8.  Back to cited text no. 8    
9.Olmedo D, Fernadez MM, Guglidmotti MB, Cabrini RL. Macrophages related to dental implant failure. Implant Dent 2003;12:75-80.  Back to cited text no. 9    
10.Lugowski SJ, Smith DC, McHugh AD, Van Loon JC. Release of metal ions from dental implant materials in vivo: Determinations of Al, Co, Cr, Mo, Ni, V, and Ti in organ tissue. J Biomed Mater Res 1991;25:1443-58.  Back to cited text no. 10    
11.Jacobs JJ, Gilbert JL, Urbani RM. Corrosion of metal orhopaedic implants. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1988;80:268-82.  Back to cited text no. 11    
12.Tschernitschek H, Borchers L, Geurtsen W. Nonalloyed titanium as a bioinert metal: A review. Quintessence Int 2005;36:523-30.  Back to cited text no. 12    
13.Zardiackas LD, Roach MD, Williamson RS. Comparison of the notch sensitivity and stress corrosion cracking of a low-nicked stainless steel to 316LS and 22 Cr-13Ni-5Mn stainless steels. In: Winters GL, Nutt MJ, editors. Stainless steels for medical and surgical applications. ASTM 1438. West Conshohocken (PA): ASTM International; 2003. p. 154-67.  Back to cited text no. 13    
14.Roach MD, McGuire J, Williamson RS. Characterization of the torsional properties of stainless steel and titanium alloys used as implants. Proceedings of the 7 th World Biomaterials Congress. Sydney, Australia: May 17-21, 2004.  Back to cited text no. 14    
15.Zardiackas LD, Roach MD, Williamson RS. Comparison of stress corrosion cracking and corrosion fatigue (anodized and non-anodized grade 4 CP Ti). In: Zardiackas LD, Kraay MJ, Freese HL, editors. Tatanium, niobium, iroconium, and tantalum for medical and surgical applications (STP 1471). West Conshohocken (PA): ASTM International; 2006. p. 202-14.  Back to cited text no. 15    
16.Chang JC, Oshida Y, Gregory RL, Andres CJ, Thomas M, Barco DT. Electrochemical study on microbiology-related corrosion of metallic dental materials. Biomed Mater Eng 2003;13:281-95.  Back to cited text no. 16    
17.Reed GJ, Willman W. Galvinism in the oral cavity. J Am Dental Assoc 1940;27:1471.  Back to cited text no. 17    
18.Burse AB, Swartz ML, Phillips RW, Dykema RW. Comparison of the in vitro and in vivo tarnish of three gold alloys. J Biomed Mater Res 1972;6:267-77.  Back to cited text no. 18    
19.Tufekci E, Mitchell JC, Olesik JW, Brantley WA, Papazoglou E, Monaghan P. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy measurements of elemental release from 2 high palladium dental casting alloys into a corrosion testing medium. J Prosthet Dent 2002;87:80-5.  Back to cited text no. 19    
20.Pourbaix M. Electrochemical corrosion of metallic biomaterials. Biomaterials 1984;5:122-34.  Back to cited text no. 20    
21.Sutow EJ, Jones DW, Milne EL. In Nitro Crevice Corrosion behaviour of implant materials. J Dent Res 1985;64:842-7.  Back to cited text no. 21    
22.Ravnholt G, Jensen J. Corrosion investigation of two materials for implant: Supraconstructions coupled to a titanium implant. Scand J Dent Res 1991;99:181-6.   Back to cited text no. 22    
23.Ravnholt G. Corrosion current, pH rise around titanium implants coupled to dental alloys. Scand J Dent Res 1998;96:466-72.  Back to cited text no. 23    
24.Geis GJ, Weber JG, Sauer KH. In Vitro substance loss due to galvanic corrosion in titanium implant / Ni-Cr supraconstruction systems. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implant 1994;9:449-54.  Back to cited text no. 24    
25.Reclaru L, Meyer JM. Study of corrosion between a titanium implant and dental Alloys. J Dent 1994;22:159-68.  Back to cited text no. 25    
26.Grosgogeat B, Reclaru L, Lissac M, Dalard F. Measurement and evaluation of galvanic corrosion between titanium/Ti6Al4V implants and dental alloys by electrochemical techniques and auger spectrometry. Biomaterials 1999;20:933-41.  Back to cited text no. 26    
27.Aparicio C, Gil FJ, Fonseca C, Barbosa M, Planell JA. Corrosion behaviour of commercially pure titanium shot blasted with different materials and sizes of shot particles for dental implant applications. Biomaterials 2003;24:263-73.  Back to cited text no. 27    
28.Oh KT, Kim KN. Electrochemical properties of suprastructures galvanically coupled to a titanium implant. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2004;70:318-31.  Back to cited text no. 28    
29.Kasemo B, Lausmaa J. The biomaterial-tissue interface and its analogues in surface science and technology. 1 st ed. Toronto: University of Toronto; 1991. p. 19-32.  Back to cited text no. 29    
30.Siirila HS, Kononen M. The effect of oral topical fluorides on the surface of commercially pure titanium. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1991;6:50-4.  Back to cited text no. 30    
31.Nakagawa M, Matsuya S, Shiraishi T, Ohta M. Effect of fluoride concentration and pH on corrosion behaviour dental use. J Dent Res 1999;78:1568-72.  Back to cited text no. 31    
32.López-Alνas JF, Martinez-Gomis J, Anglada JM, Peraire M. Ion release from dental casting alloys as assessed by a continuous flow system: Nutritional and toxicology implications. Dent Mater 2006;22:832-7.  Back to cited text no. 32    
33.Yamazoe J, Nakagawa M, Matono Y, Takeuchi A, Ishikawa K. The development of Ti alloys for dental implant with high corrosion resistance and mechanical strength. Dent Mater J 2007;26:260-7.  Back to cited text no. 33    
34.Huang HH, Lee TH. Electrochemical impedence spectroscopy study of Ti-6Al-4V alloy in artificial saliva with fluoride and /or albumin. Dent Mater 2005;21:749-55.  Back to cited text no. 34    
35.Manaranche C, Hornberger H. A proposal for the classification of dental alloys according to their resistance of corrosion. Dent Mater 2007;23:1428-37.  Back to cited text no. 35    
36.Zavanelli RA, Henriques GE, ferriera I. Corrosion-fatigue life of commercially pure titanium and Ti-6Al-4V alloys in different storage environments. J Prosthetic Dent 2000;84:274-9.  Back to cited text no. 36    
37.Takada Y, Keisuke N, Kohei K, Osamu O. Corrosion behavior of the stainless steel composing dental magnetic attachments. INT Congress series 2005;1284:314-5.  Back to cited text no. 37    
38.Johansson BI, Bergman B. Corrosion of titanium and amalgam couples: Effect of fluoride, area size, surface preparation and fabrication procedures. Dent Mater 1995;11:41-6.  Back to cited text no. 38    
39.Taher NM, Al Jabab AS. Galvanic corrosion behavior of implant suprastructure dental alloys. Dent Mater 2003;19:54-9.  Back to cited text no. 39    

Top
Correspondence Address:
T P Chaturvedi
Professor, Division of Orthodontics and General Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, 4GF Jodhpur Colony, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, Uttar Pradesh
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.49068

Rights and Permissions


    Figures

  [Figure 1]
 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2]

This article has been cited by
1 A Literature Review Study on Atomic Ions Dissolution of Titanium and Its Alloys in Implant Dentistry
Sammy Noumbissi,Antonio Scarano,Saurabh Gupta
Materials. 2019; 12(3): 368
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
2 A Literature Review Study on Atomic Ions Dissolution of Titanium and Its Alloys in Implant Dentistry
Sammy Noumbissi,Antonio Scarano,Saurabh Gupta
Materials. 2019; 12(3): 368
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
3 Surface damage of dental implant systems and ions release after exposure to fluoride and hydrogen peroxide
Gabriella Peñarrieta-Juanito,Mariane B. Sordi,Bruno Henriques,Marta E. R. Dotto,Wim Teughels,Filipe S. Silva,Ricardo S. Magini,Júlio C. M. Souza
Journal of Periodontal Research. 2019; 54(1): 46
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
4 Surface damage of dental implant systems and ions release after exposure to fluoride and hydrogen peroxide
Gabriella Peñarrieta-Juanito,Mariane B. Sordi,Bruno Henriques,Marta E. R. Dotto,Wim Teughels,Filipe S. Silva,Ricardo S. Magini,Júlio C. M. Souza
Journal of Periodontal Research. 2019; 54(1): 46
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
5 Positive Material Identification testing of dental implant to correlate their compositions with allergic conditions
Avadhesh Kumar Chaubey,Sunil Kumar Mishra,Ramesh Chowdhary
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research. 2019; 9(3): 294
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
6 Positive Material Identification testing of dental implant to correlate their compositions with allergic conditions
Avadhesh Kumar Chaubey,Sunil Kumar Mishra,Ramesh Chowdhary
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research. 2019; 9(3): 294
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
7 A review on potential toxicity of dental material and screening their biocompatibility
Shahriar Shahi,Mutlu Özcan,Solmaz Maleki Dizaj,Simin Sharifi,Nadin Al-Haj Husain,Aziz Eftekhari,Elham Ahmadian
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods. 2019; 29(5): 368
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
8 A review on potential toxicity of dental material and screening their biocompatibility
Shahriar Shahi,Mutlu Özcan,Solmaz Maleki Dizaj,Simin Sharifi,Nadin Al-Haj Husain,Aziz Eftekhari,Elham Ahmadian
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods. 2019; 29(5): 368
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
9 Evaluation and regulation of the corrosion resistance of macroporous titanium scaffolds with bioactive surface films for biomedical applications
Xingyu Zhou,Xi Fu,Hongjie Chen,Zhanwen Xiao,Li Min,Yong Zhou,Xiangdong Zhu,Kai Zhang,Chongqi Tu,Xingdong Zhang
Journal of Materials Chemistry B. 2019; 7(21): 3455
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
10 Evaluation and regulation of the corrosion resistance of macroporous titanium scaffolds with bioactive surface films for biomedical applications
Xingyu Zhou,Xi Fu,Hongjie Chen,Zhanwen Xiao,Li Min,Yong Zhou,Xiangdong Zhu,Kai Zhang,Chongqi Tu,Xingdong Zhang
Journal of Materials Chemistry B. 2019; 7(21): 3455
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
11 Comparative evaluation of BioHPP and titanium as a framework veneered with composite resin for implant-supported fixed dental prostheses
Hang-ying Jin,Min-hua Teng,Zhen-jun Wang,Xin Li,Jia-yue Liang,Wen-xue Wang,Shuai Jiang,Bao-dong Zhao
The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 2019; 122(4): 383
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
12 Comparative evaluation of BioHPP and titanium as a framework veneered with composite resin for implant-supported fixed dental prostheses
Hang-ying Jin,Min-hua Teng,Zhen-jun Wang,Xin Li,Jia-yue Liang,Wen-xue Wang,Shuai Jiang,Bao-dong Zhao
The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 2019; 122(4): 383
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
13 Biocorrosion properties of Ti–3Cu alloy in F ion-containing solution and acidic solution and biocompatibility
Dian-Geng Cai,Mian-Mian Bao,Xiao-Yan Wang,Lei Yang,Gao-Wu Qin,Ren-Xian Wang,Da-Fu Chen,Er-Lin Zhang
Rare Metals. 2019; 38(6): 503
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
14 Corrosion performance of cold deformed austenitic stainless steels for biomedical applications
Mohd Talha,Yucong Ma,Yuanhua Lin,Yong Pan,Xiangwei Kong,O.P. Sinha,C.K. Behera
Corrosion Reviews. 2019; 37(4): 283
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
15 Fretting-corrosion behavior on dental implant connection in human saliva
Pascale Corne,Pascal De March,Franck Cleymand,Jean Geringer
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. 2019; 94: 86
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
16 Fretting-corrosion behavior on dental implant connection in human saliva
Pascale Corne,Pascal De March,Franck Cleymand,Jean Geringer
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. 2019; 94: 86
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
17 Biocorrosion properties of Ti–3Cu alloy in F ion-containing solution and acidic solution and biocompatibility
Dian-Geng Cai,Mian-Mian Bao,Xiao-Yan Wang,Lei Yang,Gao-Wu Qin,Ren-Xian Wang,Da-Fu Chen,Er-Lin Zhang
Rare Metals. 2019; 38(6): 503
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
18 Corrosion performance of cold deformed austenitic stainless steels for biomedical applications
Mohd Talha,Yucong Ma,Yuanhua Lin,Yong Pan,Xiangwei Kong,O.P. Sinha,C.K. Behera
Corrosion Reviews. 2019; 37(4): 283
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
19 The effect of hybrid coatings based on hydrogel, biopolymer and inorganic components on the corrosion behavior of titanium bone implants
Mariia Saveleva,Alina Vladescu,Cosmin Cotrut,Louis Van der Meeren,Maria Surmeneva,Roman Surmenev,Bogdan Parakhonskiy,Andre G. Skirtach
Journal of Materials Chemistry B. 2019; 7(43): 6778
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
20 Bone quality around implants: a comparative study of coating with hydroxyapatite and SIO2-TIO2 of TI6AL7NB implants
C. Dinu,C. Berce,M. Todea,A. Vulpoi,D. Leordean,S. Bran,I. Mitre,M. A. Lazar,B. Crisan,L. Crisan,H. Rotaru,F. Onisor,S. Vacaras,I. Barbur,G. Baciut,M. Baciut,G. Armencea
Particulate Science and Technology. 2019; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
21 Bone quality around implants: a comparative study of coating with hydroxyapatite and SIO2-TIO2 of TI6AL7NB implants
C. Dinu,C. Berce,M. Todea,A. Vulpoi,D. Leordean,S. Bran,I. Mitre,M. A. Lazar,B. Crisan,L. Crisan,H. Rotaru,F. Onisor,S. Vacaras,I. Barbur,G. Baciut,M. Baciut,G. Armencea
Particulate Science and Technology. 2019; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
22 Use of High Performance Polymers as Dental Implant Abutments and Frameworks: A Case Series Report
Mohammad AL-Rababæah,Walaæa Hamadneh,Ismail Alsalem,Ameen Khraisat,Ashraf Abu Karaky
Journal of Prosthodontics. 2019; 28(4): 365
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
23 Surface bioactivation of PEEK by neutral atom beam technology
Joseph Khoury,Irina Selezneva,Sergei Pestov,Vadim Tarassov,Artem Ermakov,Andrey Mikheev,Mikhail Lazov,Sean R. Kirkpatrick,Dmitry Shashkov,Alexandre Smolkov
Bioactive Materials. 2019; 4: 132
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
24 Surface bioactivation of PEEK by neutral atom beam technology
Joseph Khoury,Irina Selezneva,Sergei Pestov,Vadim Tarassov,Artem Ermakov,Andrey Mikheev,Mikhail Lazov,Sean R. Kirkpatrick,Dmitry Shashkov,Alexandre Smolkov
Bioactive Materials. 2019; 4: 132
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
25 Current status of zirconia implants in dentistry: preclinical tests
Hironobu Nishihara,Mireia Haro Adanez,Wael Att
Journal of Prosthodontic Research. 2019; 63(1): 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
26 Current status of zirconia implants in dentistry: preclinical tests
Hironobu Nishihara,Mireia Haro Adanez,Wael Att
Journal of Prosthodontic Research. 2019; 63(1): 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
27 Surface Characterization and Corrosion Resistance of Boron Nitride Coated Titanium Dental Implants
G. Ö. Çakal,C. Gökmenoglu,B. Kaftanoglu,N. Özmeriç
Protection of Metals and Physical Chemistry of Surfaces. 2019; 55(3): 608
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
28 Surface Characterization and Corrosion Resistance of Boron Nitride Coated Titanium Dental Implants
G. Ö. Çakal,C. Gökmenoglu,B. Kaftanoglu,N. Özmeriç
Protection of Metals and Physical Chemistry of Surfaces. 2019; 55(3): 608
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
29 Interface Damage in Titanium Dental Implant Due to Tribocorrosion: The Role of Mastication Frequencies
Maria F. Alfaro,Peter K. Rossman,Isabella da Silva Viera Marques,Anirudh Dube,Christos Takoudis,Tolou Shokuhfar,Mathew T. Mathew,Cortino Sukotjo
Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion. 2019; 5(4)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
30 Interface Damage in Titanium Dental Implant Due to Tribocorrosion: The Role of Mastication Frequencies
Maria F. Alfaro,Peter K. Rossman,Isabella da Silva Viera Marques,Anirudh Dube,Christos Takoudis,Tolou Shokuhfar,Mathew T. Mathew,Cortino Sukotjo
Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion. 2019; 5(4)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
31 The effect of hybrid coatings based on hydrogel, biopolymer and inorganic components on the corrosion behavior of titanium bone implants
Mariia Saveleva,Alina Vladescu,Cosmin Cotrut,Louis Van der Meeren,Maria Surmeneva,Roman Surmenev,Bogdan Parakhonskiy,Andre G. Skirtach
Journal of Materials Chemistry B. 2019; 7(43): 6778
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
32 Nitrogen plasma immersion ion implantation treatment to enhance corrosion resistance, bone cell growth, and antibacterial adhesion of Ti-6Al-4V alloy in dental applications
Her-Hsiung Huang,Duen-Kai Shiau,Chiang-Sang Chen,Jean-Heng Chang,Sang Wang,Haobo Pan,Mei-Fang Wu
Surface and Coatings Technology. 2019; 365: 179
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
33 Nitrogen plasma immersion ion implantation treatment to enhance corrosion resistance, bone cell growth, and antibacterial adhesion of Ti-6Al-4V alloy in dental applications
Her-Hsiung Huang,Duen-Kai Shiau,Chiang-Sang Chen,Jean-Heng Chang,Sang Wang,Haobo Pan,Mei-Fang Wu
Surface and Coatings Technology. 2019; 365: 179
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
34 Titanium implants and silent inflammation in jawbone—a critical interplay of dissolved titanium particles and cytokines TNF-a and RANTES/CCL5 on overall health?
Johann Lechner,Sammy Noumbissi,Volker von Baehr
EPMA Journal. 2018; 9(3): 331
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
35 Titanium implants and silent inflammation in jawbone—a critical interplay of dissolved titanium particles and cytokines TNF-a and RANTES/CCL5 on overall health?
Johann Lechner,Sammy Noumbissi,Volker von Baehr
EPMA Journal. 2018; 9(3): 331
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
36 Multifaceted roles of environmental factors toward dental implant performance: Observations from clinical retrievals and in vitro testing
Sathyanarayanan Sridhar,Frederick Wang,Thomas G. Wilson,Pilar Valderrama,Kelli Palmer,Danieli C. Rodrigues
Dental Materials. 2018; 34(11): e265
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
37 Multifaceted roles of environmental factors toward dental implant performance: Observations from clinical retrievals and in vitro testing
Sathyanarayanan Sridhar,Frederick Wang,Thomas G. Wilson,Pilar Valderrama,Kelli Palmer,Danieli C. Rodrigues
Dental Materials. 2018; 34(11): e265
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
38 Development and surface improvement of FDM pattern based investment casting of biomedical implants: A state of art review
Daljinder Singh,Rupinder Singh,Kamaljit Singh Boparai
Journal of Manufacturing Processes. 2018; 31: 80
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
39 Evaluation of Blood Titanium Levels and Total Bone Contact Area of Dental Implants
Mustafa Temiz,Ertunc Dayi,Nesrin Saruhan
BioMed Research International. 2018; 2018: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
40 Development and surface improvement of FDM pattern based investment casting of biomedical implants: A state of art review
Daljinder Singh,Rupinder Singh,Kamaljit Singh Boparai
Journal of Manufacturing Processes. 2018; 31: 80
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
41 Evaluation of Blood Titanium Levels and Total Bone Contact Area of Dental Implants
Mustafa Temiz,Ertunc Dayi,Nesrin Saruhan
BioMed Research International. 2018; 2018: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
42 Effect of titanium ions on the Hippo/YAP signaling pathway in regulating biological behaviors of MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts
Wen-qing Zhu,Pan-pan Ming,Jing Qiu,Shui-yi Shao,Ying-juan Yu,Jia-xi Chen,Jie Yang,Li-na Xu,Song-mei Zhang,Chun-bo Tang
Journal of Applied Toxicology. 2018; 38(6): 824
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
43 Effect of titanium ions on the Hippo/YAP signaling pathway in regulating biological behaviors of MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts
Wen-qing Zhu,Pan-pan Ming,Jing Qiu,Shui-yi Shao,Ying-juan Yu,Jia-xi Chen,Jie Yang,Li-na Xu,Song-mei Zhang,Chun-bo Tang
Journal of Applied Toxicology. 2018; 38(6): 824
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
44 Wear and Corrosion Interactions at the Titanium/Zirconia Interface: Dental Implant Application
Craig L. Sikora,Maria F. Alfaro,Judy Chia-Chun Yuan,Valentim A. Barao,Cortino Sukotjo,Mathew T. Mathew
Journal of Prosthodontics. 2018; 27(9): 842
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
45 Wear and Corrosion Interactions at the Titanium/Zirconia Interface: Dental Implant Application
Craig L. Sikora,Maria F. Alfaro,Judy Chia-Chun Yuan,Valentim A. Barao,Cortino Sukotjo,Mathew T. Mathew
Journal of Prosthodontics. 2018; 27(9): 842
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
46 A brief review on the erosion-corrosion behavior of engineering materials
Roshan Kuruvila,S. Thirumalai Kumaran,M. Adam Khan,M. Uthayakumar
Corrosion Reviews. 2018; 36(5): 435
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
47 Properties of colored oxide films formed electrochemically on titanium in green electrolytes under ultrasonic stirring
Karina M. Zaniolo,Sonia R. Biaggio,Nerilso Bocchi,Romeu C. Rocha-Filho
Journal of Materials Science. 2018; 53(10): 7294
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
48 Properties of colored oxide films formed electrochemically on titanium in green electrolytes under ultrasonic stirring
Karina M. Zaniolo,Sonia R. Biaggio,Nerilso Bocchi,Romeu C. Rocha-Filho
Journal of Materials Science. 2018; 53(10): 7294
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
49 Corrosion behavior of titanium in response to sulfides produced by Porphyromonas gingivalis
Rino Harada,Eitoyo Kokubu,Hideaki Kinoshita,Masao Yoshinari,Kazuyuki Ishihara,Eiji Kawada,Shinji Takemoto
Dental Materials. 2018; 34(2): 183
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
50 Corrosion behavior of titanium in response to sulfides produced by Porphyromonas gingivalis
Rino Harada,Eitoyo Kokubu,Hideaki Kinoshita,Masao Yoshinari,Kazuyuki Ishihara,Eiji Kawada,Shinji Takemoto
Dental Materials. 2018; 34(2): 183
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
51 Potential Causes of Titanium Particle and Ion Release in Implant Dentistry: A Systematic Review
Rafael Delgado-Ruiz,Georgios Romanos
International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(11): 3585
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
52 Biocompatibility of Bespoke 3D-Printed Titanium Alloy Plates for Treating Acetabular Fractures
Xuezhi Lin,Xingling Xiao,Yimeng Wang,Cheng Gu,Canbin Wang,Jiahui Chen,Han Liu,Juan Luo,Tao Li,Di Wang,Shicai Fan
BioMed Research International. 2018; 2018: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
53 Biocompatibility of Bespoke 3D-Printed Titanium Alloy Plates for Treating Acetabular Fractures
Xuezhi Lin,Xingling Xiao,Yimeng Wang,Cheng Gu,Canbin Wang,Jiahui Chen,Han Liu,Juan Luo,Tao Li,Di Wang,Shicai Fan
BioMed Research International. 2018; 2018: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
54 A brief review on the erosion-corrosion behavior of engineering materials
Roshan Kuruvila,S. Thirumalai Kumaran,M. Adam Khan,M. Uthayakumar
Corrosion Reviews. 2018; 36(5): 435
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
55 The Role of Oral Cavity Biofilm on Metallic Biomaterial Surface Destruction–Corrosion and Friction Aspects
Joanna Mystkowska,Katarzyna Niemirowicz-Laskowska,Dawid Lysik,Grazyna Tokajuk,Jan Dabrowski,Robert Bucki
International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(3): 743
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
56 The Role of Oral Cavity Biofilm on Metallic Biomaterial Surface Destruction–Corrosion and Friction Aspects
Joanna Mystkowska,Katarzyna Niemirowicz-Laskowska,Dawid Lysik,Grazyna Tokajuk,Jan Dabrowski,Robert Bucki
International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(3): 743
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
57 Reduction of Tribocorrosion Products When Using the Platform-Switching Concept
G.O. Alrabeah,J.C. Knowles,H. Petridis
Journal of Dental Research. 2018; 97(9): 995
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
58 Potential Causes of Titanium Particle and Ion Release in Implant Dentistry: A Systematic Review
Rafael Delgado-Ruiz,Georgios Romanos
International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(11): 3585
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
59 Surface characterisation and corrosion behaviour of oxide layer for SLMed-316L stainless steel
W.S.W. Harun,R.I.M. Asri,F.R.M. Romlay,S. Sharif,N.H.M. Jan,F. Tsumori
Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2018; 748: 1044
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
60 Antimicrobial Effectiveness of Regular Dielectric- Barrier Discharge (DBD) and Jet DBD on the Viability of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Tripti Thapa Gupta,Jyl S. Matson,Halim Ayan
IEEE Transactions on Radiation and Plasma Medical Sciences. 2018; 2(1): 68
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
61 Surface characterisation and corrosion behaviour of oxide layer for SLMed-316L stainless steel
W.S.W. Harun,R.I.M. Asri,F.R.M. Romlay,S. Sharif,N.H.M. Jan,F. Tsumori
Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2018; 748: 1044
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
62 Ultrananocrystalline diamond coatings for the dental implant: electrochemical nature
Bhavani Patel,Adriana C. Duran-Martinez,Pablo Gurman,Orlando Auciello,Valentim Barao,Stephan Campbell,Cortino Sukotjo,Mathew T. Mathew
Surface Innovations. 2017; 5(2): 106
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
63 Ultrananocrystalline diamond coatings for the dental implant: electrochemical nature
Bhavani Patel,Adriana C. Duran-Martinez,Pablo Gurman,Orlando Auciello,Valentim Barao,Stephan Campbell,Cortino Sukotjo,Mathew T. Mathew
Surface Innovations. 2017; 5(2): 106
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
64 Corrosion and surface modification on biocompatible metals: A review
R.I.M. Asri,W.S.W. Harun,M. Samykano,N.A.C. Lah,S.A.C. Ghani,F. Tarlochan,M.R. Raza
Materials Science and Engineering: C. 2017; 77: 1261
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
65 Corrosion and surface modification on biocompatible metals: A review
R.I.M. Asri,W.S.W. Harun,M. Samykano,N.A.C. Lah,S.A.C. Ghani,F. Tarlochan,M.R. Raza
Materials Science and Engineering: C. 2017; 77: 1261
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
66 Calorimetric studies of Ag–Sn–Cu dental amalgam alloy powders and their amalgams
Nivedita Dutta Chowdhury,K. S. Ghosh
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry. 2017; 130(2): 623
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
67 Detoxification of Titanium Implant Surfaces: Evaluation of Surface Morphology and Bone-Forming Cell Compatibility
Deepthi Ramesh,Sathyanarayanan Sridhar,Danyal A. Siddiqui,Pilar Valderrama,Danieli C. Rodrigues
Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion. 2017; 3(4)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
68 Study of corrosion in biocompatible metals for implants: A review
N.S. Manam,W.S.W. Harun,D.N.A. Shri,S.A.C. Ghani,T. Kurniawan,M.H. Ismail,M.H.I. Ibrahim
Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2017; 701: 698
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
69 Study of corrosion in biocompatible metals for implants: A review
N.S. Manam,W.S.W. Harun,D.N.A. Shri,S.A.C. Ghani,T. Kurniawan,M.H. Ismail,M.H.I. Ibrahim
Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2017; 701: 698
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
70 Detoxification of Titanium Implant Surfaces: Evaluation of Surface Morphology and Bone-Forming Cell Compatibility
Deepthi Ramesh,Sathyanarayanan Sridhar,Danyal A. Siddiqui,Pilar Valderrama,Danieli C. Rodrigues
Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion. 2017; 3(4)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
71 Immunostimulatory capacity of dental casting alloys on endotoxin responsiveness
Dessy Rachmawati,B. Mary E. von Blomberg,Cornelis J. Kleverlaan,Rik J. Scheper,Ingrid M.W. van Hoogstraten
The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 2017; 117(5): 677
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
72 Characterisation of Ag–Sn–Cu Dental Amalgam Powder and Its Amalgam Triturated with Nominal and Higher Pressure
Nivedita Dutta Chowdhury,K. S. Ghosh
Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals. 2017; 70(9): 2221
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
73 Initial stage of the biofilm formation on the NiTi and Ti6Al4V surface by the sulphur-oxidizing bacteria and sulphate-reducing bacteria
Beata Cwalina,Weronika Dec,Joanna K. Michalska,Marzena Jaworska-Kik,Sebastian Student
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine. 2017; 28(11)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
74 Degradation mechanisms and future challenges of titanium and its alloys for dental implant applications in oral environment
A Revathi,Alba Dalmau Borrás,Anna Igual Muñoz,Caroline Richard,Geetha Manivasagam
Materials Science and Engineering: C. 2017; 76: 1354
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
75 Initial stage of the biofilm formation on the NiTi and Ti6Al4V surface by the sulphur-oxidizing bacteria and sulphate-reducing bacteria
Beata Cwalina,Weronika Dec,Joanna K. Michalska,Marzena Jaworska-Kik,Sebastian Student
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine. 2017; 28(11)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
76 Degradation mechanisms and future challenges of titanium and its alloys for dental implant applications in oral environment
A Revathi,Alba Dalmau Borrás,Anna Igual Muñoz,Caroline Richard,Geetha Manivasagam
Materials Science and Engineering: C. 2017; 76: 1354
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
77 Zirconia implants and peek restorations for the replacement of upper molars
José María Parmigiani-Izquierdo,María Eugenia Cabaña-Muñoz,José Joaquín Merino,Arturo Sánchez-Pérez
International Journal of Implant Dentistry. 2017; 3(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
78 Zirconia implants and peek restorations for the replacement of upper molars
José María Parmigiani-Izquierdo,María Eugenia Cabaña-Muñoz,José Joaquín Merino,Arturo Sánchez-Pérez
International Journal of Implant Dentistry. 2017; 3(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
79 Immunostimulatory capacity of dental casting alloys on endotoxin responsiveness
Dessy Rachmawati,B. Mary E. von Blomberg,Cornelis J. Kleverlaan,Rik J. Scheper,Ingrid M.W. van Hoogstraten
The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 2017; 117(5): 677
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
80 Characterisation of Ag–Sn–Cu Dental Amalgam Powder and Its Amalgam Triturated with Nominal and Higher Pressure
Nivedita Dutta Chowdhury,K. S. Ghosh
Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals. 2017; 70(9): 2221
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
81 Silicon Nitride (Si3N4) Implants: The Future of Dental Implantology?
Zahi Badran,Xavier Struillou,Francis J Hughes,Assem Soueidan,Alain Hoornaert,Mark Ide
Journal of Oral Implantology. 2017; 43(3): 240
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
82 Silicon Nitride (Si3N4) Implants: The Future of Dental Implantology?
Zahi Badran,Xavier Struillou,Francis J Hughes,Assem Soueidan,Alain Hoornaert,Mark Ide
Journal of Oral Implantology. 2017; 43(3): 240
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
83 Is there an association between dental implants and squamous cell carcinoma?
A. O. Salgado-Peralvo,L. Arriba-Fuente,M. V. Mateos-Moreno,A. Salgado-García
British Dental Journal. 2016; 221(10): 645
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
84 Corrosive behaviour of implant biomaterials in oral environment
T. P. Chaturvedi
Materials Technology. 2016; 31(12): 689
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
85 Oral Cavity and Allergy: Meeting the Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenge
Eleni Papakonstantinou,Ulrike Raap
Current Oral Health Reports. 2016; 3(4): 347
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
86 Oral Cavity and Allergy: Meeting the Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenge
Eleni Papakonstantinou,Ulrike Raap
Current Oral Health Reports. 2016; 3(4): 347
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
87 Is there an association between dental implants and squamous cell carcinoma?
A. O. Salgado-Peralvo,L. Arriba-Fuente,M. V. Mateos-Moreno,A. Salgado-García
British Dental Journal. 2016; 221(10): 645
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
88 In Vitro Evaluation of the Effects of Multiple Oral Factors on Dental Implants Surfaces
Sathyanarayanan Sridhar,Zain Abidi,Thomas G. Wilson,Pilar Valderrama,Chandur Wadhwani,Kelli Palmer,Danieli C. Rodrigues
Journal of Oral Implantology. 2016; 42(3): 248
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
89 Corrosive behaviour of implant biomaterials in oral environment
T. P. Chaturvedi
Materials Technology. 2016; 31(12): 689
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
90 Spectroscopic and microscopic investigation of the effects of bacteria on dental implant surfaces
Danieli C. Rodrigues,Sathyanarayanan Sridhar,Izabelle M. Gindri,Danyal A. Siddiqui,Pilar Valderrama,Thomas G. Wilson,Kwok-Hung Chung,Chandur Wadhwani
RSC Advances. 2016; 6(54): 48283
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
91 Microstructures, mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of the ZrxTi (Ag) alloys for dental implant application
W.F. Cui,N. Liu,G.W. Qin
Materials Chemistry and Physics. 2016; 176: 161
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
92 Spectroscopic and microscopic investigation of the effects of bacteria on dental implant surfaces
Danieli C. Rodrigues,Sathyanarayanan Sridhar,Izabelle M. Gindri,Danyal A. Siddiqui,Pilar Valderrama,Thomas G. Wilson,Kwok-Hung Chung,Chandur Wadhwani
RSC Advances. 2016; 6(54): 48283
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
93 Microstructures, mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of the ZrxTi (Ag) alloys for dental implant application
W.F. Cui,N. Liu,G.W. Qin
Materials Chemistry and Physics. 2016; 176: 161
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
94 Peri-implant bone response to retrieved human zirconia oral implants after a 4-year loading period: A histologic and histomorphometric evaluation of 22 cases
Ralf-Joachim Kohal,Franz Sebastian Schwindling,Maria Bächle,Benedikt Christopher Spies
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials. 2016; 104(8): 1622
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
95 Peri-implant bone response to retrieved human zirconia oral implants after a 4-year loading period: A histologic and histomorphometric evaluation of 22 cases
Ralf-Joachim Kohal,Franz Sebastian Schwindling,Maria Bächle,Benedikt Christopher Spies
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials. 2016; 104(8): 1622
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
96 Surface Topographical Changes of a Failing Acid-Etched Long-Term in Function Retrieved Dental Implant
Alberto Monje,Raúl González-García,María Coronada Fernández-Calderón,Margarita Hierro-Oliva,María Luisa González-Martín,Fernando Suarez-Lopez del Amo,Pablo Galindo-Moreno,Hom-Lay Wang,Florencio Monje
Journal of Oral Implantology. 2016; 42(1): 12
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
97 Surface Topographical Changes of a Failing Acid-Etched Long-Term in Function Retrieved Dental Implant
Alberto Monje,Raúl González-García,María Coronada Fernández-Calderón,Margarita Hierro-Oliva,María Luisa González-Martín,Fernando Suarez-Lopez del Amo,Pablo Galindo-Moreno,Hom-Lay Wang,Florencio Monje
Journal of Oral Implantology. 2016; 42(1): 12
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
98 Biofilm Formation on NiTi Surface by Different Strains of Sulphate Reducing Bacteria (Desulfovibrio desulfuricans)
Beata Cwalina,Weronika Dec,Wojciech Simka,Joanna Michalska,Marzena Jaworska-Kik
Solid State Phenomena. 2015; 227: 302
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
99 Tantalum Nitride-Decorated Titanium with Enhanced Resistance to Microbiologically Induced Corrosion and Mechanical Property for Dental Application
Yifei Zhang,Yunfei Zheng,Yongliang Li,Lixin Wang,Yanjie Bai,Qiang Zhao,Xiaoling Xiong,Yan Cheng,Zhihui Tang,Yi Deng,Shicheng Wei,Donghui Zhu
PLOS ONE. 2015; 10(6): e0130774
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
100 Tantalum Nitride-Decorated Titanium with Enhanced Resistance to Microbiologically Induced Corrosion and Mechanical Property for Dental Application
Yifei Zhang,Yunfei Zheng,Yongliang Li,Lixin Wang,Yanjie Bai,Qiang Zhao,Xiaoling Xiong,Yan Cheng,Zhihui Tang,Yi Deng,Shicheng Wei,Donghui Zhu
PLOS ONE. 2015; 10(6): e0130774
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
101 Interruption of Electrical Conductivity of Titanium Dental Implants Suggests a Path Towards Elimination Of Corrosion
Alex E. Pozhitkov,Diane Daubert,Ashley Brochwicz Donimirski,Douglas Goodgion,Mikhail Y. Vagin,Brian G. Leroux,Colby M. Hunter,Thomas F. Flemmig,Peter A. Noble,James D. Bryers,M. A. Pérez
PLOS ONE. 2015; 10(10): e0140393
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
102 Interruption of Electrical Conductivity of Titanium Dental Implants Suggests a Path Towards Elimination Of Corrosion
Alex E. Pozhitkov,Diane Daubert,Ashley Brochwicz Donimirski,Douglas Goodgion,Mikhail Y. Vagin,Brian G. Leroux,Colby M. Hunter,Thomas F. Flemmig,Peter A. Noble,James D. Bryers,M. A. Pérez
PLOS ONE. 2015; 10(10): e0140393
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
103 In vitroelement release and biological aspects of base–metal alloys for metal-ceramic applications
Charlotta Holm,Else Morisbak,Torill Kalfoss,Jon E. Dahl
Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica. 2015; 1(2-4): 70
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
104 A Critical Review of Dental Implant Materials with an Emphasis on Titanium versus Zirconia
Reham Osman,Michael Swain
Materials. 2015; 8(3): 932
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
105 Biofilm Formation on NiTi Surface by Different Strains of Sulphate Reducing Bacteria (Desulfovibrio desulfuricans)
Beata Cwalina,Weronika Dec,Wojciech Simka,Joanna Michalska,Marzena Jaworska-Kik
Solid State Phenomena. 2015; 227: 302
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
106 Implant biomaterials: A comprehensive review
Monika Saini
World Journal of Clinical Cases. 2015; 3(1): 52
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
107 In Vitro Investigation of the Effect of Oral Bacteria in the Surface Oxidation of Dental Implants
Sathyanarayanan Sridhar,Thomas G. Wilson,Kelli L. Palmer,Pilar Valderrama,Mathew T. Mathew,Shalini Prasad,Michael Jacobs,Izabelle M. Gindri,Danieli C. Rodrigues
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 2015; : n/a
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
108 The influence of saliva pH value on the retention and durability of bar-clip attachments
Antonio Sergio Silva,Carlos Aroso,Raul Ustrell,Ana Cristina Braga,Jose Manuel Mendes,Tomas Escuin
The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics. 2015; 7(1): 32
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
109 Implant biomaterials: A comprehensive review
Monika Saini
World Journal of Clinical Cases. 2015; 3(1): 52
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
110 The Role of Nicotine in the Corrosive Behavior of a Ti-6Al-4V Dental Implant
Dmitry Royhman,Xochitl Dominguez-Benetton,Judy Chia-Chun Yuan,Tolou Shokuhfar,Christos Takoudis,Mathew T. Mathew,Cortino Sukotjo
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 2015; 17: e352
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
111 The Role of Nicotine in the Corrosive Behavior of a Ti-6Al-4V Dental Implant
Dmitry Royhman,Xochitl Dominguez-Benetton,Judy Chia-Chun Yuan,Tolou Shokuhfar,Christos Takoudis,Mathew T. Mathew,Cortino Sukotjo
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 2015; 17: e352
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
112 In vitroelement release and biological aspects of base–metal alloys for metal-ceramic applications
Charlotta Holm,Else Morisbak,Torill Kalfoss,Jon E. Dahl
Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica. 2015; 1(2-4): 70
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
113 All-Ceramic Single Crown Restauration of Zirconia Oral Implants and Its Influence on Fracture Resistance: An Investigation in the Artificial Mouth
Ralf-Joachim Kohal,Jolanta Kilian,Susanne Stampf,Benedikt Spies
Materials. 2015; 8(4): 1577
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
114 A Critical Review of Dental Implant Materials with an Emphasis on Titanium versus Zirconia
Reham Osman,Michael Swain
Materials. 2015; 8(3): 932
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
115 All-Ceramic Single Crown Restauration of Zirconia Oral Implants and Its Influence on Fracture Resistance: An Investigation in the Artificial Mouth
Ralf-Joachim Kohal,Jolanta Kilian,Susanne Stampf,Benedikt Spies
Materials. 2015; 8(4): 1577
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
116 Electrochemical Behavior of Titanium in Artificial Saliva: Influence of pH
Savithri Abey,Mathew T. Mathew,Damian J. Lee,Kent L. Knoernschild,Markus A. Wimmer,Cortino Sukotjo
Journal of Oral Implantology. 2014; 40(1): 3
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
117 Corrosion aspect of dental implants—An overview and literature review
Anuja Agarwal,Amit Tyagi,Anshuman Ahuja,Nishant Kumar,Nayana De,Himanshu Bhutani
Open Journal of Stomatology. 2014; 04(02): 56
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
118 Effects of Dextrose and Lipopolysaccharide on the Corrosion Behavior of a Ti-6Al-4V Alloy with a Smooth Surface or Treated with Double-Acid-Etching
Leonardo P. Faverani,Wirley G. Assunção,Paulo Sérgio P. de Carvalho,Judy Chia-Chun Yuan,Cortino Sukotjo,Mathew T. Mathew,Valentim A. Barao,Jie Zheng
PLoS ONE. 2014; 9(3): e93377
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
119 Effects of Dextrose and Lipopolysaccharide on the Corrosion Behavior of a Ti-6Al-4V Alloy with a Smooth Surface or Treated with Double-Acid-Etching
Leonardo P. Faverani,Wirley G. Assunção,Paulo Sérgio P. de Carvalho,Judy Chia-Chun Yuan,Cortino Sukotjo,Mathew T. Mathew,Valentim A. Barao,Jie Zheng
PLoS ONE. 2014; 9(3): e93377
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
120 Three-dimensional and chemical changes on the surface of a 3-year clinically retrieved oxidized titanium dental implant
Raúl González-García,Alberto Monje,María Coronada Fernández-Calderón,Margarita Hierro-Oliva,María Luisa González-Martín,Florencio Monje
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. 2014; 34: 273
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
121 Incorporation of Ca and P on anodized titanium surface: Effect of high current density
Carlos A.H. Laurindo,Ricardo D. Torres,Sachin A. Mali,Jeremy L. Gilbert,Paulo Soares
Materials Science and Engineering: C. 2014;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
122 Attachment ofPorphyromonas Gingivalisto Corroded Commercially Pure Titanium and Titanium-Aluminum-Vanadium Alloy
Valentim A.R. Barão,Cheon Joo Yoon,Mathew T. Mathew,Judy Chia-Chun Yuan,Christine D. Wu,Cortino Sukotjo
Journal of Periodontology. 2014; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
123 Bone responses to zirconia implants with a thin carbonate-containing hydroxyapatite coating using a molecular precursor method
Masatsugu Hirota,Tohru Hayakawa,Chikahiro Ohkubo,Mitsunobu Sato,Hiroki Hara,Takeshi Toyama,Yasuhiro Tanaka
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials. 2014; : n/a
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
124 Enhancing the bio-corrosion resistance of Ni-free ZrCuFeAl bulk metallic glass through nitrogen plasma immersion ion implantation
Her-Hsiung Huang,Hsun-Miao Huang,Mau-Chin Lin,Wei Zhang,Ying-Sui Sun,Wu Kai,Peter K. Liaw
Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2014;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
125 An electrochemical investigation of TMJ implant metal alloys in an artificial joint fluid environment: The influence of pH variation
Dmitry Royhman,Rashmi Radhakrishnan,Judy Chia-Chun Yuan,Mathew T. Mathew,Louis G. Mercuri,Cortino Sukotjo
Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery. 2014;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
126 Titanium Corrosion Mechanisms in the Oral Environment: A Retrieval Study
Danieli Rodrigues,Pilar Valderrama,Thomas Wilson,Kelli Palmer,Anie Thomas,Sathyanarayanan Sridhar,Arvind Adapalli,Maria Burbano,Chandur Wadhwani
Materials. 2013; 6(11): 5258
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
127 Titanium Corrosion Mechanisms in the Oral Environment: A Retrieval Study
Danieli Rodrigues,Pilar Valderrama,Thomas Wilson,Kelli Palmer,Anie Thomas,Sathyanarayanan Sridhar,Arvind Adapalli,Maria Burbano,Chandur Wadhwani
Materials. 2013; 6(11): 5258
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
128 Electrochemical induced dissolution of fragments of nickel-titanium endodontic files and their removal from simulated root canals
L. R. L. Aboud,F. Ormiga,J. A. C. P. Gomes
International Endodontic Journal. 2013; : n/a
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
129 No Evidence of Genotoxic Damage in a Group of Patients with Titanium Dental Implants and Different Metal Restorations in the Oral Cavity
Fabio Camacho-Alonso,Mariano Sánchez-Siles,Osmundo Gilbel-del Águila
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 2013; : n/a
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
130 Nano-crystalline diamond-coated titanium dental implants – A histomorphometric study in adult domestic pigs
Philipp Metzler,Cornelius von Wilmowsky,Bernd Stadlinger,Wolfgang Zemann,Karl Andreas Schlegel,Stephan Rosiwal,Stephan Rupprecht
Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery. 2013; 41(6): 532
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
131 Allergy or Tolerance: Reduced Inflammatory Cytokine Response and Concomitant IL-10 Production of Lymphocytes and Monocytes in Symptom-Free Titanium Dental Implant Patients
Peter Thomas,Gerhard Iglhaut,Andreas Wollenberg,Dieter Cadosch,Burkhard Summer
BioMed Research International. 2013; 2013: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
132 Tribocorrosive behaviour of commonly used temporomandibular implants in a synovial fluid-like environment: Ti–6Al–4V and CoCrMo
D Royhman,J C Yuan,T Shokuhfar,C Takoudis,C Sukotjo,M T Mathew
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 2013; 46(40): 404002
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
133 Effect of bleaching agents and soft drink on titanium surface topography
Leonardo P. Faverani,Valentim A. R. Barão,Gabriel Ramalho-Ferreira,Mayara B. Ferreira,Idelmo R. Garcia-Júnior,Wirley G. Assunção
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials. 2013; : n/a
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
134 Are new TiNbZr alloys potential substitutes of the Ti6Al4V alloy for dental applications? An electrochemical corrosion study
Ana Lúcia Roselino Ribeiro,Peter Hammer,Luís Geraldo Vaz,Luís Augusto Rocha
Biomedical Materials. 2013; 8(6): 065005
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
135 Response of oral mucosa to contact with class 4 titanium [Reakcja błony śluzowej jamy ustnej na kontakt z tytanem klasy IV]
Hemerling-Powidzka, M. and Koczorowski, R. and Brelińska, R.
Journal of Elementology. 2013; 18(2): 227-237
[Pubmed]
136 Is Titanium Sensitivity Associated with Allergic Reactions in Patients with Dental Implants? A Systematic Review
Javed, F. and Al-Hezaimi, K. and Almas, K. and Romanos, G.E.
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 2013; 15(1): 47-52
[Pubmed]
137 Galvanic corrosion behaviour of Ti and Ti6al4V coupled to noble dental alloys
Solá, C. and Amorim, A. and Espías, A. and Capelo, S. and Fernandes, J. and Proença, L. and Sanchez, L. and Fonseca, I.
International Journal of Electrochemical Science. 2013; 8(1): 406-420
[Pubmed]
138 Squamous cell carcinoma in association with dental implants: An assessment of previously hypothesized carcinogenic mechanisms and a case report
Bhatavadekar, N.B.
Journal of Oral Implantology. 2012; 38(6): 792-798
[Pubmed]
139 Morphological analysis of mucosal cells covering intraosseous dental implants [Morfologiczna analiza komórek w błonie śluzowej pokrywaja̧cej śródkostne wszczepy stomatologiczne]
Hemerling-Powidzka, M. and Koczorowski, R. and Breliñska, R.
Journal of Stomatology. 2012; 65(1): 24-38
[Pubmed]
140 Electrochemical behavior of Ta/TaN-coated titanium in artificial saliva for dental applications
Zhang, Y. and Mao, F. and He, S. and Cheng, Y. and Wei, S.
Advanced Science Letters. 2012; 17(1): 200-205
[Pubmed]
141 Influence of pH on the tribocorrosion behavior of CpTi in the oral environment: Synergistic interactions of wear and corrosion
Mathew, M.T. and Abbey, S. and Hallab, N.J. and Hall, D.J. and Sukotjo, C. and Wimmer, M.A.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials. 2012; 100 B(6): 1662-1671
[Pubmed]
142 Corrosion behavior of titanium wires: An in vitro study
Chaturvedi, T. and Dubey, R.
Indian Journal of Dental Research. 2012; 23(4): 479-483
[Pubmed]
143 Nano-ZnO incorporated titania composite coating for orthodontic applications
Shibli, S.M.A. and Remya, R. and Chinchu, K.S.
Materials Research Innovations. 2012; 16(3): 186-197
[Pubmed]
144 What is the role of lipopolysaccharide on the tribocorrosive behavior of titanium?
Mathew T. Mathew, Valentim A. Barão, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan, Wirley G. Assunção, Cortino Sukotjo, Markus A. Wimmer
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. 2012; 8: 71
[VIEW] | [DOI]
145 Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Association With Dental Implants: An Assessment of Previously Hypothesized Carcinogenic Mechanisms and a Case Report
Neel B. Bhatavadekar
Journal of Oral Implantology. 2012; 38(6): 792
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
146 Influence of pH on the tribocorrosion behavior of CpTi in the oral environment: synergistic interactions of wear and corrosion
Mathew T. Mathew,Savithri Abbey,Nadim J. Hallab,Deborah J. Hall,Cortino Sukotjo,Markus A. Wimmer
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials. 2012; 100B(6): 1662
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
147 Nano-ZnO incorporated titania composite coating for orthodontic applications
S M A Shibli,R Remya,K S Chinchu
Materials Research Innovations. 2012; 16(3): 186
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
148 Nano-ZnO incorporated titania composite coating for orthodontic applications
S M A Shibli,R Remya,K S Chinchu
Materials Research Innovations. 2012; 16(3): 186
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
149 Titanium Particles in the Peri-Implant Tissues: Surface Analysis and Histological Response.
Andrew Tawse-Smith, Cert Perio, Sunyoung Ma, Allauddin Siddiqi, Warwick Duncan, Liz Girvan, Haizal M. Hussaini
Clinical Advances in Periodontics. 2012; : 1
[VIEW] | [DOI]
150 Release of toxic ions from silver solder used in orthodontics: An in-situ evaluation
Maria P.M. Freitas, Hugo M.S. Oshima, Luciane M. Menezes
American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2011; 140(2): 177
[VIEW] | [DOI]
151 Titanium allergy: could it affect dental implant integration? : Titanium allergy review
Allauddin Siddiqi, Alan G. T. Payne, Rohana Kumara De Silva, Warwick J. Duncan
Clinical Oral Implants Research. 2011; : no
[VIEW] | [DOI]
152 The Role of Lipopolysaccharide on the Electrochemical Behavior of Titanium
V.A. Barão,M.T. Mathew,W.G. Assunção,J.C. Yuan,M.A. Wimmer,C. Sukotjo
Journal of Dental Research. 2011; 90(5): 613
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
153 The Role of Lipopolysaccharide on the Electrochemical Behavior of Titanium
V.A. Barão,M.T. Mathew,W.G. Assunção,J.C. Yuan,M.A. Wimmer,C. Sukotjo
Journal of Dental Research. 2011; 90(5): 613
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
154 Effect of oxygen plasma immersion ion implantation treatment on corrosion resistance and cell adhesion of titanium surface
Chih-Hsiung Yang,Yu-Tsai Wang,Wen-Fa Tsai,Chi-Fong Ai,Mau-Chin Lin,Her-Hsiung Huang
Clinical Oral Implants Research. 2011; 22(12): 1426
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
155 Surface characterization analysis of failed dental implants using scanning electron microscopy
Daood, U., Bandey, N., Qasim, S.B., Omar, H., Khan, S.A.
Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. 2011; 69(6): 367-373
[Pubmed]
156 Stability of cp-Ti and Ti-6Al-4V alloy for dental implants as a function of saliva pH - an electrochemical study
Valentim A. R. Barão, Mathew T. Mathew, Wirley Gonçalves Assunção, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan, Markus A. Wimmer, Cortino Sukotjo
Clinical Oral Implants Research. 2011; : n/a
[VIEW] | [DOI]
157 Is Titanium Sensitivity Associated with Allergic Reactions in Patients with Dental Implants? A Systematic Review : Titanium Dental Implants and Allergic Reactions
Fawad Javed, Khalid Al-Hezaimi, Khalid Almas, George E. Romanos
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 2011; : no
[VIEW] | [DOI]
158 Effect of oxygen plasma immersion ion implantation treatment on corrosion resistance and cell adhesion of titanium surface
Yang, C.-H. and Wang, Y.-T. and Tsai, W.-F. and Ai, C.-F. and Lin, M.-C. and Huang, H.-H.
Clinical Oral Implants Research. 2011; 22(12): 1426-1432
[Pubmed]
159 Galvanic corrosion between Ti implants and implant superstructure dental alloys
Tang, Y. and Wang, G.-p.
Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research. 2011; 15(51): 9617-9620
[Pubmed]
160 Titanium allergy: Could it affect dental implant integration?
Siddiqi, A. and Payne, A.G.T. and De Silva, R.K. and Duncan, W.J.
Clinical Oral Implants Research. 2011; 22(7): 673-680
[Pubmed]
161 The role of lipopolysaccharide on the electrochemical behavior of titanium
Barão, V.A. and Mathew, M.T. and Assunção, W.G. and Yuan, J.C. and Wimmer, M.A. and Sukotjo, C.
Journal of Dental Research. 2011; 90(5): 613-618
[Pubmed]
162 Biocompatibility of titanium and its alloys used in dentistry [Biokompatybilność tytanu oraz jego stopów wykorzystywanych w stomatologii]
Makuch, K. and Koczorowski, R.
Dental and Medical Problems. 2010; 47(1): 81-88
[Pubmed]
163 An overview of orthodontic material degradation in oral cavity
Chaturvedi, T.P. and Upadhayay, S.N.
Indian Journal of Dental Research. 2010; 21(2): 275-284
[Pubmed]



 

Top
 
 
  Search
 
 
 
    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  
 


    Abstract
    Clinical Signifi...
    The Effect of Co...
    Fracture of Dent...
    Cellular Responses
    Bone Loss and Os...
    Local Reactions ...
    Corrosion
    Microbial Corrosion
    Summary
    References
    Article Figures
    Article Tables

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed29485    
    Printed831    
    Emailed43    
    PDF Downloaded1788    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 163    

Recommend this journal