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REVIEW ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 107-109
Uses of turmeric in dentistry: An update


Professor, Division of Orthodontics and General Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, 4GF Jodhpur Colony, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Date of Submission10-Mar-2008
Date of Decision08-Aug-2008
Date of Acceptance09-Aug-2008
 

   Abstract 

Turmeric has been used for thousands of years as a dye, a flavoring, and a medicinal herb. In India, it has been used traditionally as a remedy for stomach and liver ailments, as well as topically to heal sores. Ancient Indian medicine has touted turmeric as an herb with the ability to provide glow and luster to the skin as well as vigor and vitality to the entire body. Since turmeric has antimicrobial, antioxidant, astringent, and other useful properties, it is quite useful in Dentistry also. The objective of this article is to highlight various uses of turmeric in the dental field along with its use in medical problems.

Keywords: Dental infections, herbal medicine, turmeric

How to cite this article:
Chaturvedi T P. Uses of turmeric in dentistry: An update. Indian J Dent Res 2009;20:107-9

How to cite this URL:
Chaturvedi T P. Uses of turmeric in dentistry: An update. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2009 [cited 2016 Aug 25];20:107-9. Available from: http://www.ijdr.in/text.asp?2009/20/1/107/49065
Herbal medicines are drugs of plant origin used to treat diseases and to attain or maintain a condition of improved health. Herbs with medicinal properties are a useful and effective source of treatment for various diseases. Many drugs used in Western medical science (called allopathic medicine) have their origin in medicinal plants.

Turmeric is a perennial plant with orange, oblong tubers 2 or 3 inches in length and one inch in diameter, pointed or tapering at one end. When dried, it is made into a yellow powder with a bitter, slightly acrid, yet sweet taste. It is similar to ginger.

India produces nearly the whole world's turmeric crop and consumes 80% of it. With its inherent qualities, Indian turmeric is considered to be the best in the world. The fresh spice is much preferred to the dried spice in South East Asia. The fresh rhizome is grated and added to curry dishes; it is also used as a yellow curry paste in Thailand. Due to Indian influence, turmeric has also made its way into Ethiopian cuisine. Besides flavoring food, the most common uses of turmeric are to purify the blood and remedy skin conditions. Many people are familiar with turmeric as a traditional Middle-Eastern spice, but few know of its medicinal virtues. Turmeric, otherwise known as Circuma longa, is a member of the ginger family, Zingaberaceae. The Latin name is derived from the Persian word, "kirkum," which means "saffron," in reference to the rhizome's vibrant yellow-orange color. It is indigenous to southeast Asia, but has long been used and cultivated throughout India. Turmeric is highly valuable for the influence it exerts on the digestive system and the liver. In both Ayurvedic and traditional Chinese medicine, it is considered to be a bitter digestive and a carminative. It is used by Unani practitioners to expel phlegm or kapha, opening out the blood vessels to improve blood circulation. It can be incorporated into foods, including rice and bean dishes, to improve digestion and reduce gas and bloating. It is a cholagogue, stimulating bile production in the liver and encouraging the excretion of bile via the gallbladder. This improves the body's ability to digest fats. Western cuisine does not use turmeric directly, but it forms part of several spice mixtures and sauces; it is also used to impart a bright yellow color to mustard paste.


   Therapeutic Actions of Turmeric Top


The active constituent of turmeric is known as curcumin. It has been shown to have a wide range of therapeutic actions of curcumin.

  1. It protects against free radical damage because it is a strong antioxidant. [1]
  2. It reduces inflammation by lowering histamine levels and possibly by increasing the production of natural cortisone by the adrenal glands. [2]
  3. It protects the liver from a number of toxic compounds. [3]
  4. It has been shown to prevent platelets from clumping together, which in turn improves circulation and may help protect against atherosclerosis. [4]
  5. Laboratory tests have found that turmeric is antimutagenic, as it potentially helps prevent new cancers that are caused by chemotherapy or radiation used to treat existing cancers. It effectively inhibits metastasis (uncontrolled spread) of melanoma (skin cancer) cells [5],[6] and may be especially useful in deactivating the carcinogens in cigarette smoke and chewing tobacco.
  6. Curcumin inhibits HIV in test tubes, though human trials are needed to determine if it has any usefulness for treating humans with this condition. [7],[8]
  7. Curcumin is also useful for reducing inflammation and symptoms such as pain and stiffness in the joints. Turmeric in the diet may prevent pain from arthritis, bursitis, and tendonitis. [9]
  8. A separate double-blind clinical trial found that curcumin was superior to placebo or phenylbutazone (a non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug [NSAID]) for alleviating post-surgical inflammation. [10]
  9. Turmeric in the diet increases the production of enzymes that digest fats and sugars and stop cholesterol from forming gallstones. Turmeric is helpful for people with indigestion. Results in people with stomach or intestinal ulcers have not shown it to be superior to a placebo and have demonstrated it to be less effective than antacids. [11],[12],[13]
  10. Preliminary research indicates a possible benefit of oral curcumin supplementation for chronic anterior uveitis (inflammation of the iris and middle coat of the eyeball). [14]
  11. Turmeric is exceedingly useful in the treatment of some urinary disorders such as diabetes mellitus. [15]
  12. Turmeric stimulates the secretion of bile, is anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, eases stomach pain, and is an antioxidant. Turmeric in the diet increases the production of enzymes that digest fats and sugars and stops cholesterol from forming gallstones. [16]
  13. When applied to the skin and exposed to sunlight, turmeric is strongly anti-bacterial.
  14. It can be used for parasitic infections.
  15. Fresh juice from the rhizome or a paste prepared from turmeric or decoction is often used as a local application as well as internally in the treatment of leprosy, snake bites, and vomiting associated with pregnancy. [17]
  16. In case of smallpox and chickenpox, turmeric is applied as a powder or as a paste to facilitate the process of scabbing. [18],[19]
  17. Turmeric powder with alum powders are mixed in a proportion of 1 to 20 and is blown into an ear that has chronic discharge or otorrhoea.

   Dental Application of Turmeric Top


Dental problems

Turmeric can be used in following ways offer relief from dental problems: [20]

  • Rinsing the mouth with turmeric water (boil 5 g of turmeric powder, two cloves, and two dried leaves of guava in 200 g water) gives instant relief.
  • Massaging the aching teeth with roasted, ground turmeric eliminates pain and swelling.
  • Applying the powder of burnt turmeric pieces and bishop's weed seed on teeth and cleaning them makes the gums and teeth strong.
  • Applying a paste made from 1 tsp of turmeric with tsp of salt and tsp of mustard oil provides relief from gingivitis and periodontitis. Rub the teeth and gums with this paste twice daily.


Pit and fissure sealant

It has been found that tinted pit and fissure sealant is useful for applying to tooth surfaces for the prevention or reduction of dental caries. This sealant can be produced from a composition comprising a polymerizable resin system containing acrylic monomer and at least one colorant selected from the group consisting of Annatto extract, turmeric extract, and β-Apo-8'-Carotenal.[21]

Dental-plaque detection system

Caries or periodontal diseases are thought to be infectious diseases caused by bacteria present in dental plaques and it is known that the removal of dental plaques is highly important for the health of oral cavities. However, dental plaques are not easy to identify by the naked eye and it is difficult to confirm their attachment site and extent precisely. Accordingly, dental plaques are generally stained with dental-plaque staining agents, which contain dyes, to reveal their locations in order to uncover the attached dental plaques.

The dental-plaque detection system includes a dental-plaque staining agent, which contains at least one selected from the yellow pigment of beni-koji, turmeric extracts, and curcumin; and a light-emitting apparatus, which outputs light having a wavelength within a range of 250 to 500 nm to an object in the oral cavity where the dental-plaque staining agent is attached. A yellow pigment of beni-koji and turmeric are known as staining agents also used for other purposes. [22]


   Summary Top


The benefits of turmeric include: analgesic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-allergic, antioxidant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, appetizer, astringent, cardiovascular, carminative, cholagogue, digestive, and diuretic. There are many uses of turmeric in dentistry. The use of plants and herbs for dental care is a very common indigenous system of medicine and we must include it in our everyday life. Further research is needed for the proper use of turmeric in Dentistry.

 
   References Top

1.Ramirez-Boscα A, Soler A, Gutierrez MA. Antioxidant curcuma extracts decrease the blood lipid peroxide levels of human subjects. Age 1995;18:167-9.  Back to cited text no. 1    
2.Ammon HP, Safayhi H, Mack T, Sabieraj J. Mechanism of anti-inflammatory actions of curcumin and boswellic acids. J Ethnopharmacol 1993;38:113-9.  Back to cited text no. 2    
3.Kiso Y, Suzuki Y, Watanbe N, Oshima Y, Hikino H. Antihepatotoxic principles of Curcuma longa rhizomes. Planta Med 1983;49:185-7.  Back to cited text no. 3    
4.Srivastava R, Puri V, Srimal RC, Dhawan BN. Effect of curcumin on platelet aggregation and vascular prostacyclin synthesis. Arzneimittelforschung 1986;36:715-7.  Back to cited text no. 4    
5.Mehta K, Pantazis P, McQueen T, Aggarwal BB. Antiproliferative effect of curcumin (diferuloylmethane) against human breast tumor cell line. Anticancer Drugs 1997;8:470-81.  Back to cited text no. 5    
6.Menon LG, Kuttan R, Kuttan G. Anti-metastatic activity of curcumin and catechin. Cancer Lett 1999;141:159-65.  Back to cited text no. 6    
7.Mazumder A, Raghavan K, Weinstein J, Kohn KW, Pommier Y. Inhibition of human immunodefficiency virus type-I integrase by curcumin. Biochem Pharmacol 1995;49:1165-70.  Back to cited text no. 7    
8.Barthelemy S, Vergnes L, Moynier M, Guyot D, Labidalle S, Bahraoui E. Curcumin and curcumin derivatives inhibit Tat-mediated transactivation of type 1 human immunodeficiency virus long terminal repeat. Res Virol 1998;149:43-52.  Back to cited text no. 8    
9.Deodhar SD, Sethi R, Srimal RC. Preliminary studies on antirheumatic activity of curcumin (diferuloyl methane). Indian J Med Res 1980;71:632-4.  Back to cited text no. 9    
10.Van Dau N, Ngoc Ham N, Huy Khac D. The effects of traditional drug, turmeric (Curcuma longa), and placebo on the healing of duodenal ulcer. Phytomedicine 1998;5:29-34.  Back to cited text no. 10    
11.Thamlikitkul V, Bunyapraphatsara N, Dechatiwongse T, Theerapong S, Chantrakul C, Thanaveerasuwan T, et al . Randomized double-blind study of Curcuma domestica Val for dyspepsia. J Med Assoc Thai 1989;72:613-20.  Back to cited text no. 11    
12.Soni KB, Kuttan R. Effect of oral curcumin administration on serum peroxides and cholesterol levels in human volunteers. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 1992;36:273-5.   Back to cited text no. 12    
13.Kositchaiwat C, Kositchaiwat S, Havanondha J. Curcuma longa Linn in the treatment of gastric ulcer comparison to liquid antacid: A controlled clinical trial. J Med Assoc Thai 1993;76:601-5.  Back to cited text no. 13    
14.Lal B, Kapoor AK, Asthana OP, Agrawal PK, Prasad R, Kumar P, et al. Efficacy of curcumin in the management of chronic anterior uveitis. Phytotherapy Res 1999;13:318-22.  Back to cited text no. 14    
15.Blumenthal M, Busse WR, Goldberg A, et al. editors. The complete commission E monographs: Therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. Boston, MA: Integrative Medicine Communications; 1998. p. 222.  Back to cited text no. 15    
16.Reddy AC, Lokesh BR. Effect of dietary turmeric (Curcuma longa) on iron-induced lipid peroxidation in the rat liver. Food Chem Toxicol 1994;32:279-83.  Back to cited text no. 16    
17.Snow JM. Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae). Protocol J Botan Med 1995;1:43-6.  Back to cited text no. 17    
18.Arora RB, Kapoor V, Basu N, Jain AP. Anti-inflammatory studies on Curcuma longa (turmeric). Indian J Med Res 1971;59:1289-95.  Back to cited text no. 18    
19.Srivastava R, Dikshit M, Srimal RC, Dhawan BN. Anti-thrombotic effect of curcumin. Thromb Res 1985;40:413-7.  Back to cited text no. 19    
20.PDR for herbal medicines. 2nd ed. Montvale. NJ: Medical Economics Company; 2000. p. 776.  Back to cited text no. 20    
21.Available from: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/4261879.html. [last access on 2008 Feb 20]  Back to cited text no. 21    
22.Available from: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/EP1792581A1.html. [last access on 2008 Feb 20]  Back to cited text no. 22    

Top
Correspondence Address:
T P Chaturvedi
Professor, Division of Orthodontics and General Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, 4GF Jodhpur Colony, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.49065

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