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CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2005  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 171-176
Treatment of gingival pigmentation : A case series


Department of Periodontics, J.S.S. Dental College & Hospital, S.S Nagar, Bannimantap, Mysore 570015, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
S Sunil
Department of Periodontics, J.S.S. Dental College & Hospital, S.S Nagar, Bannimantap, Mysore 570015, Karnataka
India
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DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.29901

PMID: 16761712

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A smile expresses a feeling of joy, success, sensuality, affection and courtesy, and reveals self confidence and kindness. The harmony of the smile is determined not only by the shape, the position and the color of the teeth but also by the gingival tissues. Gingival health and appearance are essential components of an attractive smile. Gingival pigmentation results from melanin granules, which are produced by melanoblasts. The degree of pigmentation depends on melanoblastic activity. Although melanin pigmentation of the gingiva is completely benign and does not present a medical problem, complaints of 'black gums' are common particularly in patients having a very high smile line (gummy smile). For depigmentation of gingiva different treatment modalities have been reported like- Bur abrasion, scraping, partial thickness flap, cryotherapy, electrosurgery and laser. In the present case series bur abrasion, scraping, partial thickness flap (epithelial excision) cryotherapy and electrosurgery have been tried for depigmentation, which are simple, effective and yield good results, along with good patient satisfaction. The problems encountered with some of these techniques have also been discussed.


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